ECONOMÍA

Regulación: Airbnb, Uber y ¿quinceañeros?

Fuente: El Comercio

La regulación en los mercados es siempre pólemica. La discusión sobre qué regular y qué dejar al libre mercado genera diversas opiniones. Esta discusión parece haber recobrado vigencia con la aparición de nuevas formas de hacer negocio a través de aplicaciones. La incursión de estos nuevos modelos de negocio en el Perú ha ocasionado que los ofertantes tradicionales de servicios similares reclamen debido a una posible competencia desleal. Pero, ¿cómo saber si es en verdad necesario regular las nuevas formas de hacer negocio?

La teoría de la regulación

La teoría económica tradicional señala que se deben regular aquellos mercado que presentan fallas, es decir aquellos que no se pueden autorregular. Las principales fallas de mercado que esta teoría resalta son:

  1. El poder de mercado: Hace referencia a la concentración de los mercados. En este caso se recomienda regular mercados donde el equilibrio se distorsione debido al poder de ofertantes o demandantes de fijar precios.
  2. Las externalidades negativas: Hacen referencia a la afectación de un agente económico por parte de otro al momento de la toma de decisiones. En este caso se recomienda regular mercados donde una de las partes cause daños a la otra producto de sus actividades.
  3. La asimetría de información: Hace referencia a la posibilidad de que una de las partes tenga información que la otra no maneja. En este caso se recomienda regular mercados donde el hecho de que una de las partes desconozca información importante permite a la otra parte tener poder sobre el precio que se fija para las transacciones.

Airbnb, Uber y nuevos modelos de negocio

El Ministerio de Comercio Exterior y Turismo (Mincetur) prepublicó el ‘Proyecto de Reglamento de Establecimientos de Hospedaje’ el pasado 11 de mayo. Este proyecto establecería barreras a la prestación de arriendo de domicilios a visitantes temporales a través de aplicaciones. La norma exige que las propiedades estén registradas en el Mincetur y puedan alquilarse solo bajo tres excepciones: si se encuentran en una localidad que no se da abasto con la infraestructura de sus servicios turísticos, si se desarrolla una festividad y el flujo de turistas no puede ser atendido por los servicios de hospedaje, o si ocurre una catástrofe que dañe parcialmente o en su totalidad la construcción de los hospedajes. Sin embargo, queda la duda de si alquilar espacios dentro de casas familiares a visitantes debería estar regulado.

Analizaremos esta duda de acuerdo a la teoría clásica de la regulación. En primer lugar, el mercado hotelero en el Perú no está concentrado; es decir, existe suficiente diversidad en la oferta de alojamientos como para encontrar un tipo de alojamiento para cada perfil de turista que nos visita. Además, el mercado de alojamientos en el Perú no genera externalidades negativas graves al resto de la sociedad; generalmente el turismo se asocia con externalidades ecológicas negativas debido a la alta afluencia de turista en ciertas zonas de conservación, pero eso se maneja controlando el número de turistas no el número y/o calidad de alojamientos. Por último, tampoco existiría asimetría de información en el alojamiento por aplicación, ya que si bien el visitante no conoce a la persona que lo hospedará, tampoco el anfitrión conoce al huésped.

Similares argumentos se pueden usar en el caso de las aplicaciones de taxi. No existe ni concentarción de mercado, ni externalidades negativas ni asimetrías de información si analizamos el mercado de aplicaciones para taxis con la misma teoría y lógica de el mercado de alojamiento por aplicación.

Regulación en ¿quinceañeros?

Otra polémica propuesta de regulación que se dio el mes pasado fue la del General Edwin Donayre, quien propuso que los menores de 17 años no puedan salir a las calles a partir de las 10 de la noche. En la lógica del parlamentario, se busca proteger a los jóvenes de asaltos, ataques, violaciones sexuales y “otros riesgos de la noche”. Además, y en esa misma línea, afirmó que su proyecto reducirá el embarazo adolescente.

Evidemente, cuando la regulación pasa de intentar mejorar condiciones de mercado a enfocarse en las libertades personales el análisis que se intentó realizar a lo largo de este artículo queda anulado. Los derechos de las personas no deberían debatirse tan ligeramente. Si el problema principal son la violencia y/o el  embarazo adolescente, esos son los temas que deberían ser resueltos. No podemos quedarnos con la idea de que la mejor forma de estar a salvo es limitar nuestra forma de vivir.

En conclusión…

La regulación será siempre un tema abierto a análisis. Sin embargo, es evidente que son los mercados con fallas identificables los que deben ser prioridad en el análisis. Si bien debatir sobre mercados como alojamiento o transporte privado es un buen ejercicio y el limitar libertades personales debería estar siempre fuera de discusión, la discusión debería centrarse en mercados como el de salud (que debería ser uno de lo temas principales en la agenda del gobierno).

Fuentes:

El Comercio: ¿En qué consiste la norma que traba el despegue de Airbnb?

ESAN: ¿Por qué es necesario regular los servicios públicos?

La República: Mincetur busca regular alquiler de viviendas a turistas

La República: Donayre genera polémica por ‘toque de queda’ para menores de 17 años

Andrea Pinedo
Economista de la Universidad del Pacífico. Trabajo en el sector público en temas de innovación social. Me encanta viajar, la historia y la fotografía.
78 Comments

Deja tu comentario

Loading Facebook Comments ...

78 Comments

  1. zvodret iluret

    Julio 22, 2018 at 11:39 am

    You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually one thing which I feel I would never understand. It kind of feels too complex and very extensive for me. I am looking ahead to your subsequent publish, I’ll attempt to get the hang of it!

  2. marketing online

    Julio 27, 2018 at 12:34 pm

    Good info and right to the point. I am not sure if this is really the best place to ask but do you people have any ideea where to hire some professional writers? Thx 🙂

  3. how to patent ideas

    Julio 27, 2018 at 5:10 pm

    What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively useful and it has helped me out loads. I hope to contribute & aid other users like its helped me. Great job.

  4. Studio Auteur

    Julio 28, 2018 at 11:47 am

    I got good info from your blog

  5. buy roxicodone

    Julio 30, 2018 at 2:01 am

    I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thanks , I’ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your website?

  6. This really answered my downside, thanks!

  7. I was very pleased to find this web-site.I wanted to thanks for your time for this wonderful read!! I definitely enjoying every little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you blog post.

  8. www.lao88.co

    Agosto 3, 2018 at 5:23 pm

    I am often to blogging and i really appreciate your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new information.

  9. True First Partners

    Agosto 4, 2018 at 4:59 pm

    I have recently started a web site, the info you offer on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thanks for all of your time & work.

  10. payless car rental insurance rates

    Agosto 4, 2018 at 6:11 pm

    Can I just say what a aid to seek out someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know the right way to deliver an issue to mild and make it important. Extra folks have to learn this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more well-liked because you definitely have the gift.

  11. compare car insurance quotes

    Agosto 4, 2018 at 11:36 pm

    An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you should write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  12. True First

    Agosto 5, 2018 at 2:43 am

    Hey, you used to write great, but the last few posts have been kinda boring?K I miss your tremendous writings. Past few posts are just a bit out of track! come on!

  13. cheap auto insurance quotes

    Agosto 5, 2018 at 4:53 am

    Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all of us you really know what you’re talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also visit my web site =). We could have a link exchange agreement between us!

  14. Fuller

    Agosto 5, 2018 at 11:39 am

    I really like your writing style, great info, appreciate it for putting up :D. “God save me from my friends. I can protect myself from my enemies.” by Claude Louis Hector de Villars.

  15. Hi my loved one! I want to say that this article is awesome, great written and come with almost all important infos. I would like to see more posts like this .

  16. car & house insurance quotes

    Agosto 5, 2018 at 10:09 pm

    F*ckin’ awesome issues here. I’m very glad to peer your article. Thank you so much and i am having a look forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  17. types of homeowners insurance coverage

    Agosto 6, 2018 at 3:32 am

    It?¦s really a nice and useful piece of information. I?¦m happy that you just shared this useful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  18. Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything I’ve worked hard on. Any tips?

  19. file a patent

    Agosto 7, 2018 at 10:17 pm

    Once I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now each time a remark is added I get four emails with the identical comment. Is there any way you’ll be able to take away me from that service? Thanks!

  20. suba analuba

    Agosto 15, 2018 at 10:03 am

    wyQS2Q Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I ave truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I all be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  21. this website

    Agosto 17, 2018 at 12:45 pm

    Very interesting subject , regards for posting. Integrate what you believe into every single area of your life. by Meryl Streep.

  22. heroin

    Agosto 17, 2018 at 3:15 pm

    WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for

  23. male extra pills

    Agosto 17, 2018 at 5:52 pm

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this post plus the rest of the site is very good.

  24. to learn more

    Agosto 17, 2018 at 10:05 pm

    wow, awesome blog post.Really thank you! Fantastic.

  25. Tinh dau Dubai

    Agosto 18, 2018 at 2:35 pm

    So happy to have located this submit.. Is not it wonderful any time you come across a fantastic submit? Enjoying the post.. appreciate it Fantastic thoughts you ave got here..

  26. for more info

    Agosto 20, 2018 at 5:12 am

    Im thankful for the article.Thanks Again. Great.

  27. the holistic sanctuary

    Agosto 20, 2018 at 7:48 am

    There is certainly a lot to learn about this topic. I love all the points you made.

  28. walmartone associate login

    Agosto 21, 2018 at 3:48 am

    Wow! Thank you! I permanently wanted to write on my site something like that. Can I implement a fragment of your post to my website?

  29. spy camera pen

    Agosto 21, 2018 at 4:12 am

    It as hard to find knowledgeable people on this topic, but you sound like you know what you are talking about! Thanks

  30. kursy

    Agosto 21, 2018 at 5:54 am

    Looking forward to reading more. Great article.Much thanks again. Cool. here

  31. to read more

    Agosto 21, 2018 at 2:03 pm

    Thanks so much for the blog post.Really thank you! Cool.

  32. prepaidgiftbalance.com

    Agosto 21, 2018 at 11:45 pm

    What as up, I wish for to subscribe for this web site to get most up-to-date updates, so where can i do it please help.|

  33. via best buy

    Agosto 30, 2018 at 9:34 am

    Very informative blog article.Really thank you! Really Great.

  34. Rolex Replica watch

    Agosto 30, 2018 at 3:10 pm

    The Silent Shard This tends to probably be really valuable for many within your work opportunities I intend to don at only with my blog but

  35. refunds manager

    Agosto 31, 2018 at 3:18 am

    You made some first rate points there. I regarded on the web for the problem and located most people will associate with together with your website.

  36. pc games for windows 10

    Agosto 31, 2018 at 11:17 pm

    My brother recommended I might like this web site. He was totally right. This post actually made my day. You cann at imagine just how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  37. apps for windows pc download

    Septiembre 1, 2018 at 3:25 am

    You made some decent points there. I looked on the internet for more information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this website.

  38. free download for windows 8

    Septiembre 1, 2018 at 8:28 am

    publish upper! Come on over and consult with my website.

  39. apps for windows pc download

    Septiembre 2, 2018 at 1:22 am

    Very good post.Really thank you! Want more.

  40. buy Instagram followers cheap

    Septiembre 2, 2018 at 11:03 am

    This excellent website truly has all the information I needed concerning this subject and didn at know who to ask.

  41. Bitcoin Dedicated Servers

    Septiembre 2, 2018 at 1:51 pm

    Im grateful for the blog article. Really Cool.

  42. to read more

    Septiembre 2, 2018 at 3:15 pm

    This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  43. led lighting manufacturer

    Septiembre 6, 2018 at 1:09 am

    This is a really good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Brief but very precise information Appreciate your sharing this one. A must read post!

  44. action games free download for windows

    Septiembre 6, 2018 at 6:06 am

    Very good blog article.Thanks Again. Great.

  45. como perder gordura visceral

    Septiembre 7, 2018 at 6:06 am

    Rattling great info can be found on site.

  46. Immigration attorney Fort Myers

    Septiembre 10, 2018 at 5:46 am

    Incredible points. Solid arguments. Keep up the amazing work.

  47. opini saham hari ini

    Septiembre 10, 2018 at 11:06 pm

    Your blog on Regulaci??n: Airbnb, Uber y ??quincea??eros? – Punto y Coma is great. I hope u can continue writing many more post . Be prosperous http://www.puntoycoma.pe

  48. Merlyn Fiebig

    Septiembre 11, 2018 at 7:41 am

    It’s difficult to find knowledgeable people during this topic, but you appear to be what happens you are talking about! Thanks

  49. miami swim week

    Septiembre 11, 2018 at 10:52 am

    Very nice blog post. I definitely love this website. Keep writing!

  50. The Lost Book Of Remedies

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 3:44 am

    I simply could not leave your website before suggesting that I actually loved the usual information an individual supply in your guests? Is gonna be back regularly in order to inspect new posts

  51. www.matchjerseys.net

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 5:22 am

    wow, awesome blog post.Thanks Again. Want more.

  52. Manifestation Miracle

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 8:34 am

    Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic article post.Really thank you!

  53. 21 Day Flat Belly Fix

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 10:10 am

    you can even cross your pinkies. In about three weeks ago I

  54. Tesla Code Secrets

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 11:43 am

    services offered have adequate demand. In my opinion the best craigslist personals

  55. self publishing companies

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 1:21 pm

    You designed some decent points there. I looked over the net for the dilemma and located the majority of people goes as well as in addition to your web site.

  56. purtier

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 4:25 pm

    Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic blog. Fantastic.

  57. THCClean

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 5:58 pm

    This very blog is no doubt entertaining and besides diverting. I have picked helluva helpful tips out of this source. I ad love to go back every once in a while. Thanks a bunch!

  58. window and door installation

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 9:08 pm

    Just Browsing While I was browsing yesterday I noticed a great post concerning

  59. natural remedies for anxiety

    Septiembre 12, 2018 at 10:23 pm

    THE HOLY INNOCENTS. cherish the day ,

  60. whole body detox

    Septiembre 13, 2018 at 12:53 am

    There is visibly a bundle to realize about this. I suppose you made some good points in features also.

  61. trustedtabletsonline

    Septiembre 13, 2018 at 8:21 am

    It’а†s really a great and helpful piece of info. I’а†m happy that you simply shared this helpful info with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  62. https://diyathletereviews.com/sex review

    Septiembre 13, 2018 at 9:06 am

    Hello! I would want to offer a enormous thumbs up to the great info you might have here with this post. We are returning to your site for additional soon.

  63. Digital Marketing West Palm Beach

    Septiembre 13, 2018 at 11:05 am

    I relish, result in I found exactly what I used to be having a look for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

  64. brewing jiaogulan tea

    Septiembre 13, 2018 at 12:35 pm

    Its hard to find good help I am forever saying that its hard to find good help, but here is

  65. https://diyathletereviews.com/sex review

    Septiembre 13, 2018 at 6:24 pm

    A person produced a few nice points presently there. Used to do searching on the matter and discovered practically just about all people goes along with along with your blog.

  66. visit website

    Septiembre 14, 2018 at 1:06 am

    Thanks for the article.Thanks Again. Fantastic.

  67. free android porn app

    Septiembre 14, 2018 at 12:02 pm

    THE HOLY INNOCENTS. cherish the day ,

  68. building design index

    Septiembre 17, 2018 at 4:39 am

    the video to make your point. You definitely know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could

  69. gift ideas for the gadget lover

    Septiembre 17, 2018 at 6:05 am

    This unique blog is obviously entertaining additionally diverting. I have discovered a bunch of useful things out of this blog. I ad love to go back every once in a while. Thanks a bunch!

  70. stroitelstvo lestnic

    Septiembre 17, 2018 at 9:39 am

    It as hard to find knowledgeable people about this topic, but you

  71. Study it Here

    Septiembre 17, 2018 at 1:16 pm

    Wow! This could be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Magnificent. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  72. Free spins no deposit slots

    Septiembre 18, 2018 at 2:40 am

    It as difficult to It as difficult to find knowledgeable folks with this topic, however you sound like do you know what you are dealing with! Thanks

  73. wpc deske

    Septiembre 19, 2018 at 8:27 am

    make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?

  74. read more

    Septiembre 24, 2018 at 6:06 am

    This particular blog is without a doubt educating additionally diverting. I have picked a bunch of interesting advices out of this amazing blog. I ad love to visit it again soon. Thanks!

  75. iherb discount code Australia

    Septiembre 25, 2018 at 10:51 am

    Really enjoyed this blog article.Thanks Again. Much obliged.

  76. His Secret Obsession Phrases

    Septiembre 25, 2018 at 3:17 pm

    Wow! Thank you! I permanently needed to write on my website something like that. Can I take a portion of your post to my website?

  77. may lam mat gia re

    Septiembre 25, 2018 at 6:06 pm

    This blog is obviously entertaining and besides informative. I have chosen a bunch of interesting stuff out of it. I ad love to visit it again and again. Thanks!

  78. what is cryptocurrency

    Septiembre 26, 2018 at 4:38 am

    to me. Regardless, I am certainly pleased I discovered it and I all be book-marking it

Leave a Reply

Su dirección de correo no se hará público. Los campos requeridos están marcados *

To Top