ECONOMÍA

Opinión: La pobreza multidimensional en el Perú

Fuente: Internet

Existen diversos métodos para medir la pobreza en un país, específicamente, en el Perú se utiliza el clásico método monetario. Esto identifica como pobre al hogar cuyos recursos no alcanzan para cubrir la canasta básica socialmente aceptada, la misma que incluye la satisfacción de necesidades principales como alimentos, vivienda, educación, vestido, salud, etc.

En la actualidad, este método, aunque común, no es eficiente para medir la pobreza en el país, pues parte de datos aparentes y momentáneos, obteniendo como efecto directo que no se identifique la tasa real de pobreza, invisibilizando así a un porcentaje de peruanos que sí serían incluidos aplicando otro método más eficiente: el dimensional, que incluye indicadores diversos e integrales.

Con el fin de entender mejor la aplicación de ambos métodos, analicemos el caso de Andrés quien estudió hasta quinto de primaria y es padre de dos niñas, además, vive en un AA.HH. en el Cono Norte. Él empezó a trabajar como vendedor en una empresa de repuestos, con el pasar del tiempo, fue ascendido a ser subjefe de inventario, ganando S/. 2 000 durante tres años, gracias a la confianza que le tenía su supervisor. El dinero cubría las necesidades básicas de la familia, sin embargo, todo cambió cuando despidieron a su supervisor y Andrés tuvo que volver a su puesto de vendedor, percibiendo, a veces, un sueldo incluso por debajo del mínimo.

En este caso, por un lado, aplicando el método monetario, el hogar de Andrés no fue considerado como pobre durante los tres años que este percibió S/. 2 000, puesto que en ese periodo, sus ingresos alcanzaban a cubrir la canasta básica; sin embargo, sucede que esa información recabó la captura de un factor meramente temporal: su ingreso, que varió dramáticamente, cuando Andrés tuvo que regresar a su antiguo puesto de trabajo. Allí sus recursos le fueron insuficientes, por lo cual, su hogar pasó a ser considerado como pobre.

Por otro lado, tenemos el método multidimensional, el cual abarca tres dimensiones y, dentro de estas, diversos indicadores a detallar: 1) educación (escolaridad familiar, matricula infantil), 2) salud (asistencia al centro de salud, deficiencia calórica) y 3) condiciones de vida (electricidad, agua, desagüe, piso de la vivienda, combustible de cocina). Aplicando este método, el hogar de Andrés hubiese sido evaluado en estos diversos indicadores como, por ejemplo, el nivel educativo de Andrés, el acceso que tiene su hogar a centros de salud cercanos, si cuenta con agua potable, entre otros, y no solo tomando en cuenta los ingresos que este percibía.  De ahí que no sería tan fácil determinar si su hogar era pobre o no, cuando percibía los S/. 2 000.

El caso del hogar de Andrés es el de muchos hogares peruanos quienes en un momento dado aumentan sus recursos, pero que no solo por ese hecho deberían ser descartados como hogares pobres, pues el índice monetario debe ser solo un factor a considerar en el análisis de pobreza, mas no el único ni el determinante.

Así, con el fin de visibilizar a un porcentaje de peruanos que no están siendo incluidos en la tasa de pobreza, es prioritario que en el Perú se aplique el método multidimensional, que nos brinda indicadores integrales, para finalmente implementar políticas públicas más precisas frente a la lucha contra este fenómeno social.

 

Isabel Cajavilca
Estudiante de Derecho en la PUCP. Le fascina la estrecha relación entre la Economía y el Derecho como medio para entender y mejorar las política públicas.
52 Comments

Deja tu comentario

Loading Facebook Comments ...

52 Comments

  1. Like

    Febrero 17, 2019 at 8:18 am

    Like!! I blog frequently and I really thank you for your content. The article has truly peaked my interest.

  2. ปั้มไลค์

    Febrero 19, 2019 at 8:21 am

    I believe you have mentioned some very interesting points, regards for the post. 🙂

  3. huarache shoes

    Marzo 14, 2019 at 3:05 am

    Thank you a lot for giving everyone an extremely wonderful opportunity to read critical reviews from this website. It’s always very fantastic and jam-packed with a great time for me and my office acquaintances to visit your website on the least 3 times per week to read the latest tips you have got. And of course, I’m also usually happy considering the cool knowledge you serve. Certain 4 tips in this posting are easily the very best we have all had.

  4. yeezy boost 350 v2

    Marzo 16, 2019 at 4:13 pm

    I must express my appreciation to this writer for rescuing me from this particular setting. Just after looking throughout the the web and finding basics that were not beneficial, I figured my entire life was gone. Existing minus the answers to the issues you have resolved by means of this post is a serious case, as well as ones which could have badly damaged my career if I had not noticed the blog. The understanding and kindness in playing with all the things was important. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a subject like this. I can now relish my future. Thanks very much for this reliable and sensible guide. I will not be reluctant to suggest your blog to anybody who requires care on this matter.

  5. adidas gazelle

    Marzo 19, 2019 at 1:50 am

    I and also my guys appeared to be looking at the excellent key points on your site and so all of the sudden came up with a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to the blog owner for them. Most of the boys are actually as a consequence happy to read through them and have now without a doubt been making the most of those things. Thank you for actually being so helpful as well as for pick out some beneficial guides most people are really needing to know about. Our honest regret for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  6. air max 2019

    Marzo 20, 2019 at 10:48 am

    I’m just writing to make you be aware of what a wonderful experience my friend’s princess developed studying your site. She realized a wide variety of details, which included what it’s like to have an ideal teaching mood to make many people really easily learn various problematic things. You really exceeded my expected results. Many thanks for showing such effective, safe, informative as well as fun thoughts on the topic to Mary.

  7. nike air force 1 high

    Marzo 22, 2019 at 10:46 pm

    I really wanted to write down a comment so as to thank you for these remarkable items you are sharing here. My particularly long internet lookup has at the end of the day been recognized with reasonable know-how to write about with my family and friends. I ‘d claim that we visitors actually are unquestionably blessed to dwell in a wonderful network with many awesome professionals with very beneficial suggestions. I feel very lucky to have discovered your entire site and look forward to some more excellent times reading here. Thanks once more for all the details.

  8. nike air max 2017

    Marzo 25, 2019 at 4:26 pm

    I needed to create you the very little word in order to thank you very much yet again just for the marvelous ideas you’ve documented on this website. It’s certainly seriously generous of people like you to supply openly what exactly a number of people might have distributed as an e book to get some dough on their own, specifically considering the fact that you could possibly have tried it if you wanted. Those creative ideas likewise worked to become a easy way to realize that the rest have a similar zeal much like my own to know the truth very much more around this matter. I think there are thousands of more pleasant instances up front for many who view your site.

  9. air yeezy

    Marzo 26, 2019 at 11:27 pm

    Thanks a lot for giving everyone such a splendid opportunity to read in detail from this website. It can be very pleasurable and also jam-packed with a good time for me personally and my office co-workers to search your website not less than thrice weekly to read the new guides you will have. And of course, I am also usually motivated with your beautiful things you serve. Selected 2 facts on this page are surely the most beneficial we have had.

  10. http://nanoo.net

    Abril 19, 2019 at 9:51 pm

    Thank you for your curiosity in Funding Recommendation.

  11. tinyurl.com

    Abril 23, 2019 at 11:34 am

    Hey great blog! Does running a blog like this
    take a large amount of work? I’ve no understanding of coding but I was
    hoping to start my own blog in the near future. Anyhow, if you have any suggestions or techniques
    for new blog owners please share. I know this is off subject but I just had to ask.
    Thank you!

  12. Van

    Abril 23, 2019 at 11:17 pm

    You could definitely see your enthusiasm within the article you write.
    The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they
    believe. At all times go after your heart.

  13. bit.ly

    Abril 23, 2019 at 11:37 pm

    I simply could not leave your web site prior to suggesting that I extremely
    loved the usual info an individual provide on your guests? Is gonna be back ceaselessly to investigate cross-check new
    posts

  14. Thurman

    Abril 24, 2019 at 12:54 am

    Hello There. I discovered your blog the use
    of msn. That is a really neatly written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read extra of your helpful info.
    Thank you for the post. I will definitely return.

  15. Jerilyn

    Abril 24, 2019 at 2:51 am

    Superb, what a web site it is! This web site provides helpful data to us,
    keep it up.

  16. Ernest

    Abril 25, 2019 at 2:00 am

    Great article, just what I wanted to find.

  17. http://tinyurl.com/y5o42y3a

    Abril 25, 2019 at 5:26 pm

    You actually make it seem so easy with your
    presentation but I find this topic to be actually something that I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and extremely broad for me.
    I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to
    get the hang of it!

  18. Martha

    Abril 27, 2019 at 7:09 pm

    Hi it’s me, I am also visiting this web site on a regular basis, this
    site is genuinely pleasant and the people are truly sharing good thoughts.

  19. Catalina

    Abril 28, 2019 at 1:39 am

    Hi there, its fastidious piece of writing on the topic of media print, we all be aware of media is a great source of facts.

  20. Leonida

    Abril 28, 2019 at 4:39 pm

    Thanks , I have recently been looking for information about this
    subject for ages and yours is the best I have came upon so far.
    But, what about the bottom line? Are you
    certain concerning the source?

  21. Harlan

    Mayo 13, 2019 at 4:21 am

    Take into account investments that supply instant annuities.

  22. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 4:03 pm

    Everything is very open with a clear clarification of the challenges.
    It was really informative. Your site is very helpful.
    Many thanks for sharing!

  23. Declan

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 4:04 am

    Saved as a favorite, I like your website!

  24. Lucie

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 12:43 pm

    Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also
    am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; we have created some
    nice procedures and we are looking to exchange solutions with others,
    please shoot me an email if interested.

  25. http://tinyurl.com/ydye5t8r

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 11:14 pm

    It is in point of fact a great and useful piece of information. I’m satisfied that you just shared
    this useful info with us. Please keep us informed like this.
    Thanks for sharing.

  26. Raymon

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 6:25 am

    I am curious to find out what blog platform you happen to be working
    with? I’m experiencing some minor security issues
    with my latest site and I’d like to find something more secure.
    Do you have any recommendations?

  27. Mae

    Mayo 24, 2019 at 9:49 am

    All sorts of investments include certain risks.

  28. http://tinyurl.com/y24thblt

    Mayo 25, 2019 at 2:44 am

    It’s an awesome paragraph in support of all the internet
    viewers; they will get advantage from it I am sure.

  29. Latonya

    Mayo 26, 2019 at 5:04 am

    Hello! This post couldn’t be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate!
    He always kept talking about this. I will forward this page to
    him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  30. Daniel Vesely

    Mayo 28, 2019 at 11:46 pm

    Hi there, this weekend is pleasant in support of me, as
    this moment i am reading this fantastic educational article here
    at my house.

  31. Mariam

    Mayo 30, 2019 at 3:54 pm

    A monetary advisor is your planning associate.

  32. Rodrigo Branco

    Mayo 31, 2019 at 5:03 pm

    Marvelous, what a web site it is! This web site provides valuable facts to us, keep it up.

  33. Renato Franchi

    Junio 1, 2019 at 12:21 am

    certainly like your web-site however you have to check the spelling on quite
    a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling issues and I
    to find it very bothersome to inform the reality then again I’ll surely come
    again again.

  34. Klefer

    Junio 1, 2019 at 5:12 am

    Hey! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new
    iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to
    all your posts! Carry on the superb work!

  35. Mario de Oliveira

    Junio 1, 2019 at 11:38 am

    Greetings! Very useful advice in this particular article!
    It is the little changes which will make the greatest changes.
    Thanks a lot for sharing!

  36. Mauro Martins cunhado

    Junio 1, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    I have been surfing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.

    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the net
    will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  37. hamilton dias de souza

    Junio 3, 2019 at 7:02 am

    Hello i am kavin, its my first occasion to commenting anyplace, when i read this post i thought i could also make comment due to this brilliant
    paragraph.

  38. Klefer

    Junio 4, 2019 at 2:10 am

    Hi, this weekend is fastidious in favor of me, because this moment i am reading this wonderful educational paragraph here at
    my home.

  39. Leandro Martins de Almeida

    Junio 5, 2019 at 3:31 am

    Hi there! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone 4!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts!
    Keep up the excellent work!

  40. Lélio Vieira Carneiro Júnior

    Junio 5, 2019 at 3:02 pm

    Hi! I’ve been following your web site for a long time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from New Caney Texas!

    Just wanted to mention keep up the great job!

  41. Daniel Dantas

    Junio 8, 2019 at 3:57 pm

    Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if
    you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet
    my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience
    with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything.
    I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your
    new updates.

  42. Umanizzare

    Junio 8, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person’s webpage link on your page at suitable place
    and other person will also do similar in favor of you.

  43. Lélio Vieira Carneiro Júnior

    Junio 9, 2019 at 12:02 am

    Hi to all, the contents present at this website are in fact remarkable for
    people experience, well, keep up the nice work fellows.

  44. Daniel Dantas

    Junio 9, 2019 at 10:12 am

    Hi, Neat post. There’s a problem together with your site
    in internet explorer, would test this? IE still is the marketplace
    leader and a good section of folks will omit your magnificent writing because of
    this problem.

  45. Rebecca

    Junio 10, 2019 at 11:36 am

    Schwab Intelligent Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  46. http://tinyurl.com/y5txo8ng

    Junio 10, 2019 at 10:03 pm

    Thank you to your curiosity in Investment Advice.

  47. Luiz Gastão Bittencourt

    Junio 11, 2019 at 6:23 am

    Saved as a favorite, I like your blog!

  48. Maria Elisabeth Bettamio Vivone

    Junio 11, 2019 at 7:43 am

    Now it’s time to decide your particular investments.

  49. Klefer

    Junio 12, 2019 at 7:54 am

    Good site you have here.. It’s hard to find high quality writing
    like yours nowadays. I honestly appreciate people like you!
    Take care!!

  50. Andres

    Junio 12, 2019 at 1:50 pm

    Traders do pay direct and indirect costs.

  51. Cristina Boner

    Junio 12, 2019 at 8:38 pm

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts about ig. Regards

  52. Desembargador Mauro Pereira Martins

    Junio 13, 2019 at 6:01 pm

    Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thank you for supplying this info.

Leave a Reply

Su dirección de correo no se hará público. Los campos requeridos están marcados *

To Top