ECONOMÍA

Litio en Puno: Relevancia y cronología del descubrimiento

Fuente: AmericaTV

A mediados de este mes se hizo público el descubrimiento de un yacimiento de 2.5 millones de toneladas de litio en Puno. Lo que hace particularmente importante este hallazgo es que no se encuentra en un salar (como en Chile o Argentina), sino en forma de roca (como los encontrados en Australia). Esto ocasiona que la extracción en el proyecto ubicado en Falchani, meseta de Macusani sea menos costosa y atractiva para inversionistas. Cabe resaltar que aún no se termina de explorar el área de 910 kilómetros cuadrados otorgada a la empresa.

¿Cuál es la situación del proyecto?

El proyecto Falchani-Macusani comenzó centrado en la explotación del uranio presente en el yacimiento. No obstante, posteriormente se encontró una importante reserva de litio y se decidió cambiar el rubro (se pasó de uranio-litio a litio-uranio) dado el mayor precio del litio y su creciente demanda en el mercado. Sin embargo, al no ser posible extraer uno sin el otro, la empresa espera la implementación de regulación en materia de explotación de uranio, ya que esta no se encuentra desarrollada en nuestro país.

Plateau Energy (operadora del proyecto), mencionó en su presentación que este yacimiento sería el sexto proyecto de su tipo más grande del mundo, convirtiéndose en el primer depósito de “litio en roca” de Latinoamérica. Este yacimiento contiene tobas litíferas con una ley de 3,500 a 4,000 partes por millón, un indicador superior al promedio de 500 ppm de los salares de Chile y Bolivia, lo que implica mejor calidad en promedio.

Según Roberto Casanova-Regis, el hallazgo permitirá diversificar los minerales que explota y exporta el Perú en los siguientes años, haciendo a nuestra economía menos dependiente del precio del cobre. A su vez, se mostrará un aumento en la inversión privada, ya que esta se requiere principalmente en las etapas de exploración y producción.

El gerente general de Macusani Yellowcake, Ulíses Solís mencionó que las reservas tendrían una valorización no menor a los US$ 30,000 millones. Mientras que el uranio encontrado (alrededor de 124 millones de libras) tendría una valoración no menor a US$ 2 millones. Por lo que este proyecto tendría un impacto significativo en la economía. Se espera que el proyecto tenga una vida útil de 100 años y empiece a operar entre 2020 y 2021, comenzando con una producción de 40,000 toneladas al año y con un potencial de 100,000 toneladas de litio al año.

¿Por qué el Litio es tan importante actualmente?

El litio posee un alto potencial electroquímico y bajo peso específico, lo que lo convierte en un elemento importante en diversas aplicaciones médicas y tecnológicas (energía y baterías sobre todo).  Es considerado uno de los metales más importantes para un desarrollo sostenible (con menor cantidad de carbono) según el Banco Mundial. Por lo que tiene mucho potencial.

Recordando que más de 28 distritos están en alto riesgo por bajas temperaturas en Puno, esperemos que el desarrollo del proyecto implique la mejora en la calidad de vida de los habitantes de las zonas cercanas. Además de que su implementación respete las instancias legales y derechos de los distintos agentes.

Bibliografía

Banco Mundial. (2017). The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low Carbon Future. Banco Mundial.

Comisión Nacional del Litio. (2014). Litio: Una fuente de energía, una oportunidad para Chile. Santiago.

Alfredo Dancuart
Estudiante de economía de la Universidad del Pacífico. Me interesa la gestión pública y la investigación, y creo que siempre es bueno integrar herramientas de otras disciplinas para un mejor análisis económico. Me gustan las humanidades, las ciencias sociales y la música (si es Soda Stereo, mejor).
44 Comments

Deja tu comentario

Loading Facebook Comments ...

44 Comments

  1. furtdsolinopv

    Septiembre 7, 2018 at 11:34 pm

    When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service? Thanks!

  2. nie spain

    Septiembre 18, 2018 at 2:08 pm

    There is noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you made certain nice points in features also.

  3. business attorney

    Septiembre 18, 2018 at 7:44 pm

    Some genuinely fantastic posts on this web site, appreciate it for contribution. “A liar should have a good memory.” by Quintilian.

  4. thùng xốp

    Septiembre 19, 2018 at 10:35 am

    I am not very wonderful with English but I get hold this rattling easy to read .

  5. state farm auto insurance login

    Septiembre 20, 2018 at 4:19 am

    of course like your web-site but you need to check the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to tell the truth nevertheless I will definitely come back again.

  6. esurance auto

    Septiembre 20, 2018 at 9:58 am

    Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is an extremely well written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will definitely comeback.

  7. Farmers quotes

    Septiembre 20, 2018 at 4:54 pm

    Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! However, how can we communicate?

  8. auto and home insurance comparison

    Septiembre 21, 2018 at 2:21 am

    Dead indited written content, Really enjoyed reading.

  9. progressive homeowners insurance quote

    Septiembre 21, 2018 at 6:31 am

    Greetings from Idaho! I’m bored to tears at work so I decided to browse your blog on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home. I’m surprised at how fast your blog loaded on my mobile .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, awesome site!

  10. progressive auto insurance quotes

    Septiembre 21, 2018 at 9:40 pm

    I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  11. the hartford my account

    Septiembre 22, 2018 at 4:07 am

    Have you ever thought about including a little bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is valuable and all. But imagine if you added some great photos or videos to give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and clips, this site could certainly be one of the best in its field. Amazing blog!

  12. Auto

    Septiembre 22, 2018 at 7:09 am

    After all, what a great site and informative posts, I will upload inbound link – bookmark this web site? Regards, Reader.

  13. Buy Spotify Target Plays

    Septiembre 22, 2018 at 11:45 am

    Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  14. bán thùng carton

    Septiembre 22, 2018 at 4:19 pm

    There is visibly a lot to realize about this. I think you made some nice points in features also.

  15. xốp bỏ hộp quà

    Septiembre 23, 2018 at 5:20 am

    Right now it seems like Movable Type is the top blogging platform available right now. (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  16. geico quote

    Septiembre 24, 2018 at 11:27 am

    What i do not realize is if truth be told how you’re no longer really a lot more well-preferred than you might be now. You’re very intelligent. You know thus significantly with regards to this matter, made me for my part consider it from numerous varied angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated unless it is one thing to do with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. Always handle it up!

  17. my the general insurance

    Septiembre 26, 2018 at 3:28 pm

    The following time I learn a weblog, I hope that it doesnt disappoint me as much as this one. I mean, I know it was my choice to read, but I really thought youd have something interesting to say. All I hear is a bunch of whining about one thing that you might fix when you werent too busy looking for attention.

  18. costco insurance quote

    Septiembre 26, 2018 at 11:52 pm

    Please let me know if you’re looking for a article writer for your site. You have some really good posts and I feel I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested. Regards!

  19. farmers home insurance quotes

    Septiembre 27, 2018 at 4:44 pm

    It’s actually a great and helpful piece of information. I am satisfied that you just shared this useful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  20. moncton life

    Septiembre 28, 2018 at 12:27 am

    Only wanna tell that this is very helpful, Thanks for taking your time to write this.

  21. tour agency in kl

    Septiembre 28, 2018 at 8:51 am

    An impressive share, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing a little analysis on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love reading more on this topic. If possible, as you become expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? It is highly helpful for me. Big thumb up for this blog post!

  22. Elephant home insurance

    Septiembre 29, 2018 at 4:22 am

    I like what you guys tend to be up too. This sort of clever work and exposure! Keep up the awesome works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll.

  23. You have mentioned very interesting points! ps nice site.

  24. thay da sinh học tự nhiên

    Octubre 1, 2018 at 11:20 pm

    Very interesting points you have noted, regards for posting.

  25. carpet cleaning Surprise Arizona

    Octubre 4, 2018 at 3:12 am

    obviously like your web site however you have to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very bothersome to inform the reality however I will surely come back again.

  26. Geico house insurance

    Octubre 4, 2018 at 7:54 am

    Some truly interesting info , well written and loosely user pleasant.

  27. sewa rental mobil palembang

    Octubre 4, 2018 at 6:47 pm

    Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me crazy so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  28. Situs S128

    Octubre 4, 2018 at 9:20 pm

    Hey there! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My website looks weird when viewing from my apple iphone. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this issue. If you have any suggestions, please share. Thanks!

  29. geico insurance quotes

    Octubre 7, 2018 at 2:18 pm

    I am now not certain where you are getting your information, however great topic. I needs to spend a while studying more or understanding more. Thank you for wonderful info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  30. inventhelp review

    Octubre 8, 2018 at 2:41 am

    You are a very smart person!

  31. new invention

    Octubre 11, 2018 at 7:00 am

    Dead written written content, thank you for information. “You can do very little with faith, but you can do nothing without it.” by Samuel Butler.

  32. InventHelp Patent Services

    Octubre 13, 2018 at 3:04 am

    I’m still learning from you, as I’m trying to achieve my goals. I certainly love reading everything that is posted on your website.Keep the stories coming. I enjoyed it!

  33. 醫學美容 潤膚霜 cosmetic.wiki

    Octubre 17, 2018 at 5:04 am

    尖端醫美科技 – 力軒醫藥有限公司Lis´kin Pharmaceutical Limited 尖端醫美科技 – 力軒醫藥有限公司Lis´kin Pharmaceutical Limited

  34. acting high schools near me

    Octubre 17, 2018 at 11:21 am

    9. UCLA School of Theater, Film, and Tv.

  35. 醫學美容 生物 cosmetic.wiki

    Octubre 19, 2018 at 3:25 am

    23.5 °N北緯研製 【紅薏仁 白潤系列】紅薏仁白潤修護乳 Red Job’s Tear Whitening Lotion的商品介紹 23.5 °N北緯研製,紅薏仁 白潤系列,紅薏仁白潤修護乳 Red Job’s Tear Whitening Lotion

  36. loversick.com

    Noviembre 22, 2018 at 11:10 pm

    Licensed Monetary Planner Board of Standards Inc.

  37. 39;s degree salary (

    Noviembre 23, 2018 at 7:34 am

    Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards Inc.

  38. whitepages

    Diciembre 4, 2018 at 7:55 am

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this
    write-up and the rest of the website is very good.

  39. What’s up to every one, it’s actually a nice
    for me to pay a quick visit this web site, it contains priceless Information.

  40. горячаялиния1с.xn--p1ai

    Diciembre 5, 2018 at 11:31 pm

    It’s an awesome paragraph designed for all the online viewers;
    they will obtain advantage from it I am sure.

  41. http://www.orseek.com

    Diciembre 5, 2018 at 11:46 pm

    It’s impressive that you are getting thoughts from this article
    as well as from our argument made at this place.

  42. brazil flag facts

    Diciembre 15, 2018 at 8:55 pm

    Informative article, totally what I needed.

  43. brazil flag colors

    Diciembre 16, 2018 at 10:06 am

    I get pleasure from, lead to I discovered exactly what I used
    to be having a look for. You have ended my four day long hunt!
    God Bless you man. Have a nice day. Bye

  44. Wally

    Diciembre 16, 2018 at 6:24 pm

    Why viewers still use to read news papers when in this technological world everything is accessible
    on net?

Leave a Reply

Su dirección de correo no se hará público. Los campos requeridos están marcados *

To Top