ECONOMÍA

Opinión: La corrupción, decisión de todos nosotros

Fuente: Radiografía de la Corrupción en el Perú. (2019).

Escrito por: Joaquin Pacheco

El Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI) reveló que, tras la explosión del caso Odebrecht entre 2016 y 2017, el PBI del Perú se redujo 0.8%, principalmente, por la congelación de grandes proyectos de inversión (ej. el Gasoducto Sur). Asimismo, el BCR ha estimado que el caso ‘Lava Jato’ causó pérdidas de 1000 millones de dólares por concesiones paralizadas, reduciendo el PBI entre 0.5 y 0.6 puntos el 2017. Actualmente, el economista César Peñaranda estima que el costo por año de la corrupción será entre 2.5 y 3 puntos porcentuales del PBI en los años siguientes—entre US$5650 y US$6780 millones. La corrupción es el principal problema del país, y ya todos lo sabemos.

Desde el 2002—año que marcó el inicio del “boom económico”—,el país ha facilitado una inversión privada extranjera y nacional casi sin restricciones (principalmente orientada a la extracción y exportación de materias primas). Además de la tensa situación comercial entre Estados Unidos y China y una potencial debilidad del dólar americano—condiciones que generan incertidumbre respecto a la demanda mundial de materias primas—, la corrupción es un factor que afecta gravemente la economía nacional.

Según Christine Lagarde, directora gerente del FMI, la corrupción está asociada a niveles bajos de inversión, ingreso tributario, inversión extranjera directa, y de crecimiento. Así también, el presidente de la Sociedad Nacional de Industrias, Ricardo Márquez, afirmó que la corrupción desalienta la inversión extranjera al dañar la predictibilidad del sistema jurídico, es decir, hace que los emprendimientos sean riesgosos y menos productivos. La corrupción no solamente daña la credibilidad, reputación, y eficiencia de las instituciones públicas, sino que pone en peligro dos de los motores de la economía nacional: la inversión privada nacional y extranjera.

La corrupción también causa que estas inversiones sean, frecuentemente, poco reguladas, permitiendo irregularidades y abusos hacia el medio ambiente y la población local. Si bien la corrupción es un delito, según el código penal, el cumplimiento de las leyes anticorrupción tiende a ser débil debido a la ineficiencia de los mecanismos de sanción, investigación y control. La inefectividad de la inversión pública (principalmente a la hora de evaluar y seleccionar proyectos) y de la supervisión de los gobiernos regionales y municipales hacen de la corrupción un mal difícil de erradicar.

Se debería de fomentar la democracia y transparencia dentro de los partidos políticos y prevenir la aparición de organizaciones improvisadas tentando el poder para satisfacer sus intereses personales utilizando financiamiento de dudosa procedencia. Transparencia, democracia, descentralización, y rendición de cuentas.

La corrupción es causa y efecto de un sistema descompuesto, creación nuestra y creador nuestro. Esta se instala fácilmente en sociedades incapaces de percibir los problemas morales como tal y, en lugar de eso, los justifican. Las leyes fueron creadas para regular el comportamiento de las sociedades apuntando a un bienestar común; es necesario dejar de tomarlas por su peso judicial y empezar a juzgarlas desde una perspectiva reflexiva y moral—la imposición nunca ha dado buenos resultados. Únicamente analizando y cambiando nuestras acciones lograremos el cambio que el país y el mundo necesitan.

 

16 Comments

Deja tu comentario

Loading Facebook Comments ...

16 Comments

  1. Like

    Febrero 8, 2019 at 7:20 pm

    Like!! Thank you for publishing this awesome article.

  2. เพิ่มไลค์เพจ

    Febrero 9, 2019 at 7:21 pm

    I went over this site and I think you have a lot of good information, saved to fav 🙂

  3. ปั้มไลค์

    Febrero 10, 2019 at 7:22 pm

    You have observed very interesting details! ps decent internet site. 🙂

  4. Jeagype

    Febrero 16, 2019 at 9:01 pm

    Buy Clonidine Online Overnight Delivery Cialis 60 Mg Pills Priligy Pil viagra Viagra Online India Zithromax Acne

  5. Jeagype

    Marzo 7, 2019 at 5:33 am

    Glyburide viagra Viagra France Forum Viagra A Contrareembolso Levitra Drug Test

  6. off white hoodie

    Marzo 13, 2019 at 6:29 pm

    My wife and i got so peaceful Chris managed to round up his inquiry by way of the ideas he received from your very own site. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be giving freely techniques that many the rest have been making money from. And we also fully understand we have got the website owner to be grateful to because of that. The type of illustrations you have made, the straightforward site navigation, the relationships you can assist to create – it’s got everything powerful, and it’s really leading our son in addition to us recognize that that issue is entertaining, and that’s exceedingly mandatory. Thank you for the whole thing!

  7. adidas ultra boost

    Marzo 15, 2019 at 2:02 am

    Needed to draft you this bit of note so as to thank you so much again for the incredible methods you’ve discussed above. It is certainly incredibly open-handed of people like you to present unhampered exactly what a number of people could have offered for an ebook to get some dough for their own end, most notably seeing that you could have tried it if you ever decided. The creative ideas as well served as the easy way to be aware that other individuals have a similar fervor much like my very own to grasp a great deal more when considering this problem. I believe there are lots of more pleasurable situations in the future for people who read your website.

  8. hermes belt

    Marzo 18, 2019 at 5:38 pm

    I intended to compose you this very little note in order to say thanks a lot over again with your exceptional strategies you’ve provided on this page. It was quite wonderfully open-handed of you to give freely exactly what most people could possibly have sold for an e-book to generate some bucks for their own end, particularly given that you could possibly have done it if you ever considered necessary. Those solutions in addition worked to become great way to realize that most people have the identical interest really like my personal own to know the truth good deal more when it comes to this matter. I am certain there are some more pleasant sessions in the future for individuals who scan your blog.

  9. coach handbags

    Marzo 19, 2019 at 11:54 pm

    Thank you so much for giving everyone remarkably brilliant possiblity to check tips from this blog. It is usually so cool and also jam-packed with fun for me personally and my office peers to visit your blog on the least thrice in one week to learn the fresh tips you have. And of course, we are usually satisfied for the special knowledge you serve. Certain 1 points in this post are easily the best I have had.

  10. yeezy boost 350 v2

    Marzo 21, 2019 at 3:34 am

    I enjoy you because of your entire work on this web site. Kim loves setting aside time for internet research and it is obvious why. Many of us notice all concerning the lively medium you produce very helpful tips and tricks by means of your web blog and recommend participation from other people on this theme while our favorite princess is in fact learning a lot of things. Enjoy the remaining portion of the year. You’re the one carrying out a splendid job.

  11. jordan retro

    Marzo 21, 2019 at 7:24 am

    I wanted to create you that little bit of observation to help give thanks over again for your breathtaking tactics you’ve provided on this site. This is really tremendously generous of you in giving easily what most of us could possibly have marketed for an e-book to generate some dough for their own end, chiefly since you might well have done it in the event you wanted. The points in addition worked as the fantastic way to be certain that other people online have a similar keenness much like my very own to know a little more with regards to this condition. Certainly there are several more enjoyable situations ahead for many who browse through your blog.

  12. Jeagype

    Marzo 22, 2019 at 9:12 am

    Worldwide Dutasteride I Want To Order Cialis Viagra Cialis Impotenza Kamagra Naturale In Linea Levitra Originale On Line

  13. kate spade outlet

    Marzo 22, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    My spouse and i have been now fulfilled Michael could deal with his research from your precious recommendations he received from your own web site. It is now and again perplexing to just choose to be giving for free points the rest could have been trying to sell. We really do understand we have got the writer to thank because of that. Those explanations you made, the straightforward blog menu, the relationships you will help promote – it’s everything unbelievable, and it’s really assisting our son and us do think this matter is amusing, which is wonderfully fundamental. Many thanks for all!

  14. jordans

    Marzo 31, 2019 at 2:02 am

    Thanks for your own hard work on this website. My mom really likes doing internet research and it’s really easy to understand why. A lot of people notice all about the compelling tactic you create very helpful guides on this website and even encourage response from visitors on that content then our girl is truly starting to learn a whole lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You are always doing a first class job.

  15. gucci belt

    Abril 1, 2019 at 6:24 pm

    I am commenting to make you be aware of of the really good experience my cousin’s daughter enjoyed browsing your site. She figured out lots of issues, with the inclusion of how it is like to possess a very effective helping character to make others without hassle learn about selected advanced things. You really surpassed readers’ desires. Many thanks for distributing these warm and friendly, healthy, explanatory and also unique guidance on that topic to Ethel.

  16. Bichara Previc

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 11:52 am

    And this is an funding threat value taking.

Leave a Reply

Su dirección de correo no se hará público. Los campos requeridos están marcados *

To Top