ECONOMÍA

Informe: Efectos de los cambios de gestión pública

Fuente: Internet

En los días de enero todos fuimos testigos de cómo las calles de Lima y Callao se vieron inundados de basura. Debido al cambio de gestión municipal en los gobiernos regionales y gobiernos locales. En ese sentido,  debemos saber cuáles son los problemas que afrontaron recientemente las gestiones entrantes y como esto afecta  a la población.

MARCO LEGAL

La Ley 30693 “Ley De Presupuesto Del Sector Público Para El Año Fiscal 2018”, estableció en la centésima décima quinta disposición complementaria final, el inicio de las acciones preparativas previas para el primer semestre del año 2018, con el objetivo de facilitar el inicio de la transferencia de gestiones. Además, la Directiva N° 008 -2018-CG/GTN estableció las indicaciones para la Transferencia de la Gestión Administrativa de Los Gobiernos Regionales Y Gobiernos Locales.

INICIOS DE CAMBIOS DE GESTIÓN

Sin embargo, a pesar de que se establecieron las normas antes mencionadas, este año existieron inconvenientes en las transferencias de gestión. Por ejemplo, se pudo observar que no se garantizaron los recursos  necesarios para los servicios básicos de la población. Teniendo como principal consecuencia las calles repletas de basura en algunos distritos de Lima y Callao.

Pero, estas no fueron las únicas consecuencias que nos dejaron los cambios de gestión. Existen consecuencias que no fueron visibles para todo el público pero si para los trabajadores municipales, los cuales se encontraron en una incertidumbre laboral. Esto en línea con el cambio de alcalde que designa a sus funcionarios de confianza, los cuales traen con ellos a sus equipos de trabajo, dejando de contratar a  la mayoría de los antiguos colaboradores.

El cambio de colaboradores afecta el funcionamiento de la gestión municipal. En algunos casos, la falta de la experiencia de los y la falta de manejo de los procesos administrativos hace que se retrase el flujo de los documentos y la continuidad de las gestiones anteriores.

Además, los proveedores de las municipalidades se perjudican con el retraso de sus pagos. Esto se debe a que las municipalidades no pueden girar cheques ni realizar gastos la primera quincena del mes de enero debido a que el Sistema Integrado de Administración Financiera (SIAF), sistema en el cual las entidades públicas realizan el registro de sus ingresos y gastos, no funciona.

Por su parte, los expedientes de procesos judiciales, arbitrajes y otros de ex trabajadores municipales, vuelven a ser evaluados por el nuevo personal de la gestión entrante.

Además de todo lo mencionado, la población tiene altas expectativas respecto al cambio que pueden brindar las nuevas. Sin embargo, estas nuevas autoridades con sus nuevos equipos retrasan los procesos administrativos al contrario de avanzar. Esperemos que las nuevas autoridades logren cumplir con todas las promesas realizadas en campaña, en beneficio de sus electores.

Janira Garcia
Bachiller en Economía de la Universidad Nacional del Callao. Interesada en el mercado de capitales. Disfruto escuchar música a todo volumen y en mi tiempo libre me gusta leer libros de ficción y terror.
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