ECONOMÍA

Impacto económico del inicio del año escolar

Fuente: Internet

Para el presente año, el Ministerio de Educación estima invertir S/ 1,690 millones (30% más respecto al año 2018) en un nuevo modelo denominado “Escuelas del bicentenario”. La infraestructura educativa cada vez está tomando mayor impulso y se esperan los mismos esfuerzos por la calidad del contenido impartido en los peruanos.

La educación representa el movimiento económico más fuerte del primer trimestre de cada año. Las unidades familiares hacen hasta lo imposible por cumplir con un presupuesto escolar que no es negociable. Entre los gastos más representativos está el uniforme escolar, la mochila, los libros y la considerable lista de útiles. Es así que en febrero y marzo aumentan los préstamos escolares, los que deben ser cubiertos por las utilidades o las gratificaciones, y que de todas maneras impactan en las finanzas de cada hogar.

El inicio de clases escolares 2019, hasta el momento, se ha visto perjudicado por los atrasos debido a cambios climáticos (en su mayoría en colegios del norte y del interior del país), colegios construidos en un 70%, instituciones que aún no subsanan las normas necesarias para poder operar, entre otros. Sin duda, todo ello representa un retroceso en la economía, pero además hay otras variables que actualmente están sobre la mesa, como es el caso del posible cambio de uniformes femeninos y la nueva calificación por letras (antes numérico) que significan una inversión considerable de parte de los comerciantes y de los centros educativos.

Actualmente se percibe un crecimiento en la educación peruana pero el objetivo debe ser tener un modelo educativo. Por ejemplo, en Finlandia (potencia a nivel mundial en educación); los niños de 7 hasta 16 años reciben una educación obligatoria y gratuita, así como todos los libros de texto, utensilios necesarios y comida caliente al día. Finlandia invierte en educación aproximadamente el 7% de su PBI.

Es importante indicar que la mejor inversión es la educación y esta mueve los hilos económicos en cualquier país; sin embargo, “economía” no es un curso que se inicia desde el colegio. Los que ahora somos adultos entendemos la importancia de conocer estos conceptos y los cambios económicos en el Perú ya que el manejo del dinero es esencial en lo educativo y el día a día.

 

Joseph Luján
Ingeniero Industrial por la PUCP. Perseverante, comprometido y multifacético. Especialista en finanzas, emprendimiento, educación y locución de radio.
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