ECONOMÍA

Opinión: “La filosofía del consumismo y la felicidad según Lucio Séneca”

A propósito del “Día mundial del consumo responsable”, a celebrarse el 15 de marzo, recordé que, hace un tiempo, leí al filósofo Lucio Séneca. Él habla sobre la adquisición de bienes y el consumismo. Llegué a él mientras veía entrevistas hechas al ex presidente de Uruguay, José Mujica. Como todos sabemos, Mujica se declara abiertamente enemigo del consumismo. Del material que revisé, hubo una entrevista que me gustó mucho y quiero compartirla con ustedes:

Periodista: ¿Usted no es muy favorable del consumismo?

Mujica: Nada, soy enemigo.

Periodista: A mí me han dicho que para que un país funcione necesita que se consuma, que la gente compre para que el dinero circule, para que los bancos den crédito y que eso es el sustento del sistema.

Mujica: En parte eso no se puede ni se debe evitar. Pero creo que en la sociedad contemporánea se hiperconsume. Se gasta el esfuerzo humano en un montón de ‘pavadas’ que poco tienen que ver con la felicidad humana. Cuando tú compras algo, el instrumento es la plata con la que tú estás comprando, pero en realidad estás comprando con el tiempo de tu vida que tuviste que gastar para tener esa plata. Quiere decir que cuando tú gastas, en el fondo lo que estás gastando es tiempo de vida que se te fue.

Cuando yo te planteo la sobriedad como una manera de vivir, lo que te planteo es la sobriedad para tener más tiempo posible para vivir la vida de acuerdo a las cosas que a ti te motivan y no necesariamente son las del trabajo. ¿Somos libres cuando se nos impone una cultura de gastar y que tienes que cambiar telefonito todos los meses y que el auto no te resiste dos años? Eso moverá la economía, pero no vayas a creer que desarrolla tu vida. La felicidad no es una cuestión material. Mi definición de pobreza es la de Séneca: ‘Pobres son aquellos que precisan mucho’. 

Más sobre Séneca

El filósofo también afirma que la verdadera riqueza es estar contentos con lo que la naturaleza nos brinda. No es necesario vivir entre lujos. Para afrontar las necesidades básicas, no es imprescindible contar con muchos bienes materiales. Es decir, “No es pobre el que tiene poco, sino el que desea más”.

¿Qué nos tratan de decir Séneca y Mujica sobre el consumismo?

Tal vez, tratan de invitarnos a saber vivir cada día de forma plena valorando lo que tenemos. Vivir sin querer más de lo necesario. Si adquirimos cosas sin control, contribuimos a la contaminación y el deterioro de nuestra naturaleza. Los invito a reflexionar sobre nuestro estilo de vida y los motivos por los que compramos objetos. A reconocer que no tenemos hábitos adecuados de consumo y que esta actitud no nos ayuda realmente a ser felices.

Julissa Caceres
Comunicadora para el Desarrollo y correctora de estilo. Fundadadora de ‘Tilde Correcciones’, organización dedicada a la elaboración de textos. Le apasionan los temas ambientales.
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