ECONOMÍA

Análisis: ¿Por qué un análisis económico del derecho?

Fuente: Internet

Recientemente, en el Perú, ha surgido una nueva forma de actuar y pensar el Derecho, a través de un análisis interdisciplinario. El cual vincula al mundo jurídico con la Economía. Este nuevo enfoque económico, aplicado al Derecho, ha influido en todas las ramas jurídicas, aunque, principalmente, en los temas de regulación y comercio. A pesar de ello, es poco valorado en el Sector Público, donde más se le requiere. Pues, sus beneficios harían más eficiente la Administración Pública. Con el fin de explicarlo, desarrollaremos los siguientes subtemas:

¿Cuál es la convergencia entre Economía y Derecho?

Uno de los precursores del Análisis Económico del Derecho (AED) en el Perú, Alfredo Bullard, presenta una respuesta concisa a tal pregunta. Por un lado, el Derecho regula los comportamientos en la sociedad, a través de la producción de normas jurídicas. Tiene un enfoque de “así debería ser” (análisis teórico), además plasma los principios que se busca maximizar en una sociedad. Por otro lado, la Economía estudia las conductas humanas en el mercado, postulando teorías que incluso logran predecir dichos comportamientos. Usa un enfoque de “así es” (análisis fáctico).

Regular conductas, desde el Derecho, y prever comportamientos, desde la Economía, son dos fenómenos que se complementan y deben realizarse simultáneamente. Así, obtendremos como resultado directo la elaboración, aprobación e implementación de leyes con mejor calidad. Un ejemplo dará mayores luces al respecto.

  • Caso de los cinturones de seguridad en EE.UU.

Gregory Mankiw, profesor de Economía de Harvard, relata dicho caso, en su libro llamado Principios de Economía”. El autor nos contextualiza en la década de 1950, cuando el uso de cinturones de seguridad no era obligatorio. Hasta que en 1960 se publicó el libro: “No estás seguro a ninguna velocidad” de Ralh Nader. El cual causó gran preocupación en el país americano, pues evidenciaba las altas tasas de mortalidad producidas en accidentes de tránsitos. El Congreso de EE.UU. respondió promulgando leyes que obligaban a las empresas a incorporar cinturones de seguridad en todos los automóviles.

El efecto evidente y directo de dichas leyes fue que efectivamente aumentaran las probabilidades de sobrevivir a accidentes de tránsito. Sin embargo, también se produjo un efecto adverso que no se había contemplado. Antes las personas conducían lento y con mucho cuidado, pues su incentivo eran las bajas probabilidades de sobrevivir a un accidente. Ello cambió con los cinturones de seguridad. Así, empezaron a conducir más rápido y con menos precaución, debido al aumento en sus probabilidades de sobrevivencia.

Concluyendo estadísticamente en una reducción de muertes por accidentes de tránsito y, a la vez, al incremento de accidentes de tránsito que tenían como víctimas a los peatones. Los cuales no contaban con la protección adicional que brindaban los cinturones de seguridad.

Aplicación en los proyectos de ley

En el Perú, los proyectos de ley, presentados por los Congresistas, incorporan una sección de Análisis de Costo- Beneficio. Una revisión de esta, evidencia que solo se consignan parafraseos, enumeraciones de derechos constitucionales o solo se refieren a los costos dinerarios que implica implementar dicha ley. Pero, contadas veces, se realiza un verdadero análisis de costo-beneficio.

Este es mucho más amplio, pues requiere de un análisis presupuestario, de gestión, de estudios nacionales e internacionales, de estadísticas de impacto en otras sociedades, etc. Además de la inclusión de los posibles efectos adversos que podría causar tal ley, y las propuestas normativas para mitigarlos.

No basta con las buenas intenciones de los legisladores al proponer un proyecto de Ley. Para que su propuesta sea completa, deben incluir una evaluación del impacto económico directo e indirecto que esta causará. En ese contexto, es necesario valorar y aplicar el análisis económico del Derecho, ya que, hace posible la emisión de normas jurídicas de mayor calidad.

Isabel Cajavilca
Estudiante de Derecho en la PUCP. Le fascina la estrecha relación entre la Economía y el Derecho como medio para entender y mejorar las política públicas.
88 Comments

Deja tu comentario

Loading Facebook Comments ...

88 Comments

  1. Like

    Marzo 2, 2019 at 12:18 pm

    Like!! Thank you for publishing this awesome article.

  2. golden goose outlet

    Marzo 16, 2019 at 10:48 am

    Thanks a lot for providing individuals with remarkably nice chance to read from this web site. It is usually so lovely and full of amusement for me personally and my office peers to search your blog no less than thrice weekly to learn the newest guides you have. Not to mention, I’m always amazed with your incredible secrets you serve. Some 1 points in this post are in fact the simplest we have all had.

  3. chrome hearts online

    Marzo 24, 2019 at 3:08 am

    I simply needed to say thanks once more. I am not sure the things I could possibly have undertaken in the absence of those tactics shared by you concerning this subject. Certainly was a very terrifying case in my opinion, but taking a look at the very specialized mode you dealt with that forced me to leap over happiness. I’m just thankful for the guidance and as well , hope that you comprehend what a great job that you are accomplishing training the mediocre ones thru a web site. I’m certain you have never got to know all of us.

  4. yeezy boost 350

    Marzo 27, 2019 at 5:04 am

    My wife and i were absolutely joyful when Edward managed to round up his analysis via the precious recommendations he discovered through the site. It is now and again perplexing just to happen to be giving out helpful hints which often most people may have been selling. And we figure out we’ve got the blog owner to give thanks to because of that. The main explanations you’ve made, the easy site menu, the relationships you will give support to engender – it’s mostly astounding, and it is aiding our son and the family imagine that this article is thrilling, which is certainly extremely indispensable. Thanks for the whole thing!

  5. visit site

    Abril 2, 2019 at 3:21 pm

    I just want to mention I am all new to weblog and actually enjoyed you’re blog. Most likely I’m planning to bookmark your blog . You surely have outstanding articles and reviews. Many thanks for revealing your webpage.

  6. Bichara Previc

    Abril 18, 2019 at 8:15 am

    And that is an investment danger worth taking.

  7. Fernanda Lara Tórtima

    Abril 23, 2019 at 4:57 pm

    I truly love your website.. Excellent colors & theme.

    Did you develop this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m planning to create my
    very own site and would like to know where you got this from or
    just what the theme is named. Kudos!

  8. http://tinyurl.com/

    Abril 26, 2019 at 9:12 am

    Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try it out.

  9. Terry

    Abril 26, 2019 at 11:25 am

    Hi, i think that i saw you visited my site thus i came to “return the favor”.I
    am attempting to find things to enhance my site!I suppose its ok to
    use a few of your ideas!!

  10. tinyurl.com

    Abril 26, 2019 at 6:59 pm

    Simply desire to say your article is as surprising.

    The clearness in your post is just great and i can assume you are
    an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep
    updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  11. http://tinyurl.com/

    Abril 27, 2019 at 4:20 am

    Incredible points. Solid arguments. Keep up the amazing effort.

  12. Estelle

    Abril 28, 2019 at 3:37 am

    Pretty portion of content. I simply stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to
    assert that I get in fact loved account your blog
    posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your feeds or even I fulfillment you get right of entry to consistently fast.

  13. Kristeen

    Abril 28, 2019 at 4:12 pm

    Great blog here! Also your site loads up very fast! What host are you using?

    Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish
    my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  14. Cliff

    Mayo 7, 2019 at 1:27 am

    I read this piece of writing fully regarding the difference of newest and earlier technologies,
    it’s awesome article.

  15. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 7, 2019 at 1:17 pm

    Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative.
    I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I will be grateful if you
    continue this in future. A lot of people will be benefited from your
    writing. Cheers!

  16. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 8, 2019 at 1:18 pm

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon everyday.
    It’s always interesting to read articles from other writers
    and practice something from other web sites.

  17. Dustin

    Mayo 8, 2019 at 1:25 pm

    Pretty! This was a really wonderful article.

    Thank you for supplying these details.

  18. Kirby

    Mayo 12, 2019 at 11:53 am

    Financial advisors enterprise is people business.

  19. April

    Mayo 12, 2019 at 7:50 pm

    Now it’s time to decide your particular investments.

  20. Nannie

    Mayo 13, 2019 at 8:32 am

    That is true for investment advice as effectively.

  21. Carri

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 1:20 am

    obviously like your web-site however you need to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of your posts.
    Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it
    very troublesome to inform the reality then again I will definitely come back again.

  22. Desmond

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 3:07 pm

    Contemplate investments that provide speedy annuities.

  23. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 6:09 pm

    Thankfulness to my father who informed me regarding this
    web site, this web site is in fact awesome.

  24. Gay

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 10:15 pm

    My relatives always say that I am killing my time here
    at web, however I know I am getting knowledge daily by reading such pleasant articles.

  25. Lazaro

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 2:53 am

    Saved as a favorite, I love your web site!

  26. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 4:47 am

    Wonderful, what a weblog it is! This website provides
    helpful information to us, keep it up.

  27. Kimberley

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 5:53 am

    It’s really a nice and helpful piece of information. I
    am satisfied that you just shared this helpful information with us.

    Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  28. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 10:51 am

    Fantastic goods from you, man. I’ve consider your stuff prior to and
    you’re simply extremely fantastic. I really like what you’ve
    acquired right here, really like what you’re saying and the way in which you are saying
    it. You make it enjoyable and you continue to care for to keep it sensible.
    I can not wait to read far more from you. This is really a great site.

  29. Cathy

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    whoah this blog is wonderful i like studying your
    articles. Stay up the good work! You understand, a lot of persons are searching round for
    this info, you could aid them greatly.

  30. Walter

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 5:03 pm

    Schwab Clever Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  31. Kyle

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 2:33 am

    Monetary advisors enterprise is people business.

  32. https://tinyurl.com

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 3:44 am

    Thanks for sharing your thoughts on ig. Regards

  33. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 5:43 am

    Hello everyone, it’s my first go to see at this site,
    and post is really fruitful in support of me, keep up posting
    such articles or reviews.

  34. Lupe

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 11:44 am

    A financial advisor is your planning companion.

  35. http://tinyurl.com/y6ecu272

    Mayo 17, 2019 at 4:45 am

    This is true for investment advice as properly.

  36. https://tinyurl.com/y3e2fdq8

    Mayo 17, 2019 at 10:17 pm

    Very good post. I am going through many of these issues as well..

  37. Deana

    Mayo 18, 2019 at 12:54 am

    What’s up mates, pleasant article and good
    arguments commented here, I am really enjoying by these.

  38. http://tinyurl.com/yysrhpmp

    Mayo 18, 2019 at 5:31 am

    Every weekend i used to go to see this website, for the reason that i want
    enjoyment, since this this web page conations really fastidious funny material too.

  39. Melva

    Mayo 19, 2019 at 10:43 am

    My brother suggested I might like this web site. He was totally right.

    This post truly made my day. You can not imagine just how much
    time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  40. Bernadette

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 12:02 pm

    A financial advisor is your planning accomplice.

  41. Adrianne

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 4:23 pm

    And that is an funding risk value taking.

  42. http://tinyurl.com/yyg3bj6p

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 7:18 pm

    Everyone loves what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever work and exposure!
    Keep up the very good works guys I’ve added you guys to our blogroll.

  43. Margie

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 7:29 pm

    A monetary advisor is your planning partner.

  44. Santo

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 8:33 pm

    Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell
    and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She
    placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off
    topic but I had to tell someone!

  45. freeurlredirect.com

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 9:38 pm

    That is true for investment recommendation as well.

  46. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 26, 2019 at 9:06 am

    Buyers do pay direct and indirect prices.

  47. Lélio Vieira Carneiro Júnior

    Mayo 31, 2019 at 3:30 am

    I like the valuable information you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your blog and check again here frequently.
    I’m quite sure I’ll learn a lot of new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the next!

  48. Janessa

    Mayo 31, 2019 at 9:39 am

    Thank you on your interest in Funding Advice.

  49. Fleta

    Junio 1, 2019 at 7:26 am

    Schwab Intelligent Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  50. tinyurl.com

    Junio 1, 2019 at 7:53 am

    This is true for funding advice as properly.

  51. Renan Batista

    Junio 1, 2019 at 12:20 pm

    If you want to grow your familiarity only keep visiting this website and be updated with the newest gossip posted here.

  52. Mario de Oliveira

    Junio 2, 2019 at 10:06 am

    I love what you guys are up too. Such clever work and coverage!

    Keep up the fantastic works guys I’ve you guys to my personal blogroll.

  53. qr.garagebrewers.com

    Junio 3, 2019 at 3:20 pm

    This is true for investment advice as properly.

  54. cuturls.eu

    Junio 3, 2019 at 11:16 pm

    And this is an funding risk price taking.

  55. Grupo Coral

    Junio 4, 2019 at 12:38 am

    This post gives clear idea in support of the new users
    of blogging, that actually how to do running a blog.

  56. Leandro Martins de Almeida

    Junio 6, 2019 at 7:26 am

    Thanks in favor of sharing such a nice idea, post is pleasant, thats why
    i have read it completely

  57. Luiz Gastão Bittencourt

    Junio 7, 2019 at 4:54 pm

    Right away I am going to do my breakfast, later than having my breakfast coming over again to read more news.

  58. Daniel Vesely

    Junio 8, 2019 at 2:48 am

    Admiring the persistence you put into your site and detailed information you provide.
    It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a
    while that isn’t the same unwanted rehashed material.
    Excellent read! I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  59. Daniel Dantas

    Junio 9, 2019 at 3:47 am

    Have you ever considered creating an ebook or guest authoring on other websites?
    I have a blog based on the same subjects you discuss and would really like to have you
    share some stories/information. I know my viewers would enjoy your work.

    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e-mail.

  60. Klefer

    Junio 11, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    If you want to take much from this post then you have to apply
    these strategies to your won weblog.

  61. Mario de Oliveira

    Junio 11, 2019 at 7:45 pm

    Hey there just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The words in your content seem to be running off the screen in Chrome.

    I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I figured
    I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though!
    Hope you get the problem resolved soon. Cheers

  62. check that

    Junio 12, 2019 at 2:22 pm

    I just want to say I’m newbie to blogging and site-building and absolutely savored this blog site. Probably I’m want to bookmark your blog post . You amazingly have perfect stories. With thanks for sharing your web-site.

  63. hamilton dias de souza

    Junio 12, 2019 at 7:08 pm

    I really love your site.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did
    you create this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m wanting to create
    my own personal site and want to learn where
    you got this from or just what the theme is called.
    Thank you!

  64. Hermelinda

    Junio 14, 2019 at 3:37 am

    Financial advisors business is folks business.

  65. tinyurl.com

    Junio 14, 2019 at 9:47 pm

    That is true for investment advice as nicely.

  66. Tractor Workshop Manuals

    Junio 16, 2019 at 12:07 pm

    You lost me, friend. I mean, I assume I get what youre indicating. I have an understanding of what you are saying, but you just appear to have forgotten that you will find some other people inside the world who view this issue for what it really is and may possibly not agree with you. You may be turning away a decent amount of people who may have been fans of your website.

  67. node

    Junio 16, 2019 at 8:53 pm

    I must point out my appreciation for your kindness in support of visitors who really need help with this important idea. Your very own commitment to passing the message all-around had been pretty advantageous and has frequently permitted some individuals like me to reach their ambitions. Your entire valuable instruction signifies a whole lot to me and extremely more to my office colleagues. Thanks a ton; from all of us.

  68. tinyurl.com

    Junio 18, 2019 at 12:51 am

    Now it is time to pick your specific investments.

  69. tinyurl.com

    Junio 18, 2019 at 1:19 am

    That is true for funding recommendation as properly.

  70. Terra

    Junio 18, 2019 at 5:34 am

    Schwab Intelligent Portfolios invests in Schwab
    ETFs.

  71. Bettamio Vivone e Pace Advogados

    Junio 20, 2019 at 12:17 am

    Thank you to your curiosity in Investment Recommendation.

  72. Lilly

    Junio 20, 2019 at 9:20 am

    Now it’s time to choose your specific investments.

  73. tinyurl.com

    Junio 21, 2019 at 6:18 pm

    And that is an investment risk price taking.

  74. Isreal Sluss

    Junio 29, 2019 at 11:07 pm

    You need to be a part of a tournament for just one of the greatest blogs over the internet. Let me suggest this website!

  75. Mickey Dahman

    Julio 1, 2019 at 9:58 am

    Hello there! This is kind of off topic but I need some help from an established blog. Is it tough to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to start. Do you have any tips or suggestions? Thanks

  76. yeezy boost 350

    Julio 2, 2019 at 7:05 am

    I wish to express my appreciation to this writer just for bailing me out of this particular problem. After checking through the the net and finding strategies which were not beneficial, I assumed my entire life was done. Being alive minus the approaches to the issues you’ve fixed by way of this site is a serious case, as well as the kind that might have in a wrong way affected my career if I hadn’t encountered your web page. Your personal understanding and kindness in maneuvering the whole thing was priceless. I don’t know what I would have done if I had not come across such a thing like this. I can also at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks so much for your expert and sensible help. I won’t hesitate to propose your site to anyone who desires guidance on this situation.

  77. Quinn Wooters

    Julio 2, 2019 at 11:07 am

    A well written article, I just passed this onto a workfellow who was doing somewhat analysis on this. And he indeed purchased me dinner because I discovered it for him…. .. therefore let me reword that: Thnkx for the treat however yeah Thnkx for spending the time to talk about this, I feel strongly concerning it and love reading more on this topic. If doable, as you gain expertise, would you mind updating your blog with more details? it is extraordinarily useful on behalf of me. massive thumb up for this blog

  78. air max 95

    Julio 3, 2019 at 8:37 am

    I definitely wanted to write a small message so as to appreciate you for all the precious instructions you are giving out at this site. My time intensive internet look up has at the end of the day been paid with brilliant ideas to talk about with my visitors. I would point out that most of us visitors are truly fortunate to exist in a notable community with very many perfect professionals with interesting hints. I feel very much blessed to have encountered your entire site and look forward to some more brilliant minutes reading here. Thank you once more for everything.

  79. yeezy boost 350 v2

    Julio 4, 2019 at 11:10 pm

    This really answered my downside, thanks!

  80. off white clothing

    Julio 5, 2019 at 7:02 pm

    I simply wanted to construct a simple comment in order to say thanks to you for some of the marvelous hints you are showing here. My extended internet search has at the end of the day been recognized with wonderful suggestions to share with my family members. I would state that that many of us visitors actually are truly lucky to dwell in a remarkable site with very many perfect professionals with beneficial secrets. I feel very lucky to have encountered your website page and look forward to really more fun moments reading here. Thank you again for everything.

  81. Rayford Arentz

    Julio 6, 2019 at 9:24 pm

    I notice there is certainly lots of spam on this blog. Do you need help cleaning them up? I might help between courses!

  82. yeezy shoes

    Julio 7, 2019 at 9:55 am

    My spouse and i have been absolutely excited when Emmanuel managed to finish off his inquiry through the entire ideas he had from your own weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to just possibly be giving away concepts some people might have been making money from. And we consider we now have the website owner to thank for that. The entire illustrations you have made, the easy blog menu, the friendships you will give support to instill – it’s everything impressive, and it’s making our son in addition to our family recognize that this article is awesome, which is certainly really important. Thanks for all!

  83. Stacy Sideman

    Julio 7, 2019 at 11:32 am

    It is a really amazing powerful resource that you’re offering and you just provide it away cost-free!! I really like discovering websites of which are aware of the particular property value providing you with beautiful learning resource for zero cost. We truly dearly loved examining this page. Be thankful!

  84. goyard handbags

    Julio 8, 2019 at 2:40 pm

    I actually wanted to jot down a small comment to be able to appreciate you for those superb guides you are showing at this website. My prolonged internet lookup has finally been compensated with pleasant facts and techniques to go over with my close friends. I would state that that most of us site visitors actually are quite endowed to live in a perfect network with so many lovely individuals with beneficial things. I feel quite blessed to have used your entire webpage and look forward to really more pleasurable moments reading here. Thank you again for everything.

  85. cheap jordans

    Julio 17, 2019 at 4:10 am

    I actually wanted to make a small remark in order to say thanks to you for the stunning secrets you are placing on this website. My time consuming internet look up has at the end of the day been compensated with extremely good facts and strategies to write about with my co-workers. I ‘d assume that most of us visitors are very much fortunate to be in a magnificent place with very many brilliant individuals with insightful tips. I feel quite privileged to have come across your web pages and look forward to so many more entertaining moments reading here. Thank you once again for all the details.

  86. yeezy boost

    Julio 17, 2019 at 4:02 pm

    You made some decent points there. I looked on the internet for the problem and found most individuals will go along with along with your website.

  87. Chris Sosnowski

    Agosto 3, 2019 at 6:01 pm

    My buddy i have been simply speaking about this specific subject matter, the girl really is typically attempting to show us absolutely wrong! I ‘m planning to show her this web site submit as well as caress this in a very small!

  88. AutoLike

    Agosto 19, 2019 at 5:41 pm

    Autolike, Working Auto Liker, auto like, Autoliker, Autoliker, ZFN Liker, Autolike International, Status Auto Liker, Auto Like, auto liker, Auto Liker, Status Liker, autolike, autoliker, Photo Auto Liker, Increase Likes, Photo Liker

Leave a Reply

Su dirección de correo no se hará público. Los campos requeridos están marcados *

To Top