ECONOMÍA

Opinión: El servicio de recojo de basura, el caso de Comas

Fuente: Internet

Durante el año pasado, el distrito de Comas ha sido titular en varias ocasiones. Los pobladores denunciaban que se acumulaban grandes cantidades de basura en sus principales calles tales como la Av. Túpac Amaru. Para los vecinos, la única responsabilidad recaía sobre su entonces alcalde Miguel Saldaña. En diferentes medios de comunicación, ellos mostraban su preocupación por la grave situación causada por el hedor y los montículos de basura. Los cuales se se convertían en focos de vectores de enfermedades y ponían en riesgo su salud. Sin embargo, este no era el único distrito afectado por una situación similar. Así tenemos a Villa María del Triunfo, San Juan de Miraflores, Carabayllo y otros.

¿Cómo es posible que este problema se intensifique en unos distritos más que otros?

Se debe dejar en claro que todo ciudadano puede reclamar a sus autoridades distritales cuando siente que sus derechos están siendo vulnerados. Además, la Ley considera que la desidia de los funcionarios competentes implica omisión de funciones. Es obligación de las municipalidades cumplir lo siguiente:

“3.1. Proveer el servicio de limpieza pública determinando las áreas de acumulación de desechos, rellenos sanitarios y el aprovechamiento industrial de desperdicios” (Art. 80° de la Ley Orgánica de Municipalidades).

El ex alcalde Saldaña señaló que Comas mantenía deuda mayor a S/18 millones con Industria Arguelles, encargada de realizar el recojo de basura. Según Saldaña, lamentablemente, no había fondos suficientes para cancelarla. Aunque es cierto que la corrupción afecta a muchos municipios donde el dinero es usado con otros fines. Es necesario pensar también cuál es la responsabilidad del vecino: ¿Están pagando sus impuestos prediales y arbitrios a tiempo? ¿Están considerando que la morosidad afecta directamente en no cubrir diversos servicios básicos entre los que se encuentra el recojo de residuos? ¿Se están respetando los horarios establecidos para evitar sobre costos de pasar más de una vez por la misma zona?

En relación al pago de arbitrios, las estadísticas indican que los distritos más poblados de Lima, como Comas, enfrentan una morosidad mayor al 40%. Esto influye negativamente en la gestión del recojo de las 600 toneladas diarias de basura que genera el mencionado distrito. Entonces, si se desea obtener mayor recaudación, se debe propiciar la cultura tributaria y evitar las amnistías tributarias. Esto se puede lograr imitando algunas acciones que otros distritos ya efectúan con éxito:

Entonces, sí existe responsabilidad por parte de las municipalidades en generar estrategias para que los ciudadanos paguemos puntualmente nuestros arbitrios. Esto se verá reflejado en los diversos servicios que se obtendrán para beneficio de nuestros respectivos distritos. Y, la contra parte, es que si deseamos un distrito limpio, son indispensables nuestros aportes, además de ser vigilantes para que estos sean usados de manera correcta.

 

Julissa Caceres
Comunicadora para el Desarrollo y correctora de estilo. Fundadadora de ‘Tilde Correcciones’, organización dedicada a la elaboración de textos. Le apasionan los temas ambientales.
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