CULTURA

Reseña:“Una ciudad para perderse” de Mayte Mujica

Editorial Animal de Invierno, 2018. 108 pp. S/. 39

Cuando esta novela salió, hace uno o dos meses, recuerdo que fue bastante comentada y recomendada por otros escritores locales en sus redes sociales. Como suele pasar que estos fenómenos literarios muchas veces no están a la altura de las expectativas creadas (recordemos a Cisneros, Gamboa, Robles, Salazar Jiménez, etc.), decidí acercarme con cierto escepticismo, como para no odiarla en cuanto comenzara a notar sus errores. Debo decir, ahora que ya he terminado de leerla, que parece ser una estrategia efectiva, pues he salido , aun si moderadamente, sorprendido de manera favorable.

A grandes rasgos, Una ciudad para perderse nos cuenta la historia del desmoronamiento de un matrimonio desde el punto de vista de una protagonista sin nombre en constante búsqueda de formas de evadirse. Es así que  se topa con los diarios y cartas de su abuelo paterno, un aprista exiliado en la Francia ocupada por Alemania durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial que intenta volver a casa. El cruce  entre ambas narraciones parece dar la impresión de que esta es una novela de dos historias, una suposición  engañosa. En el fondo, esta apariencia doble sirve a un único aspecto: lo que importa es realmente la protagonista y todo lo narrado pretende decirnos algo sobre ella, sea a través de su divorcio, de la odisea de su abuelo o de aquellos fragmentos inconexos de su infancia y adolescencia que se sienten muy fuera de lugar en la novela hasta que aceptamos que esta es una obra sumamente egocéntrica, que gira alrededor de un yo que, casi imperceptiblemente, absorbe todo a su alrededor, incluyendo la (más interesante) historia de su familia.

Esto que menciono no considero que sea un aspecto negativo de la novela por más que sí sea un problema persistente en gran parte de nuestros narradores actuales, para quienes las historias de otros no tienen valía propia si no es utilizada como herramienta para superar una crisis personal y afianzar un ego que ya inadvertidamente se encuentra desbordando cada página del libro en cuestión. Pensemos en varios ejemplos cercanos: La distancia que nos separa de Renato Cisneros, Nuevos juguetes de la guerra fría de Juan Manuel Robles, Austin Texas 1979 de Francisco Ángeles (el más notable de los libros mencionados y tal vez el que más logra alejarse de este esquema) u  Orgullosamente solos de José Carlos Yrigoyen. Lo que encontramos en cada uno de estos libros es una incapacidad de salir del yo que convierte la investigación del pasado familiar en un ejercicio de vanidad y que, sin embargo, para este caso, más que un problema (aun sin dejar de serlo)  se convierte en un elemento bastante atractivo. Tal vez porque es un texto muy bien escrito o porque, a diferencia de las otras novelas mencionadas, no hay un interés por generar un discurso de tintes sociales que se siente impostado o insuficiente.

Por el contrario, el mayor propósito de Una ciudad para perderse parece ser la posibilidad de registrar un dolor (o una tristeza) que va más allá del divorcio y que se anhela  rastrear fuera de sí, en un constante escape del yo que se ve marcado por viajes a Miami, por viajes a Chile, por encontrar un amante, descuidar a las hijas, no hablar de ellas, etc., todo enmarcado en un relato tan íntimo que no deja espacio para el cuestionamiento del contexto social de fondo (cómo podría si ya nuestra protagonista tiene demasiado con su propia vida). Justamente la historia del abuelo sirve a este propósito: es un mecanismo de fuga más, una forma de olvidarse de su situación y que se simboliza a través de los intentos de él de escapar de Francia antes de que le resulte muy tarde. Él, se nos dice desde el principio, lo logra. Ella no. Y es en esto que la novela resulta interesante, pues no pretende vender una suerte de catarsis por medio de la experiencia pasada ni establecer un proceso de reconciliación completamente innecesario y superficial. Lo que resulta es más bien sombrío, pero altamente estimulante y mucho más interesante que la mayoría de novelas que he ido citando.

Hay que destacar, a propósito de esto, que esta novela está escrita estupendamente. Sin esto, posiblemente solo nos quedaría la sensación de estar leyendo los lamentos de una pobre niña rica (la protagonista reconoce este aspecto de la historia, pero, una vez más, admitirlo no disculpa el error). No obstante, me ha quedado la sensación de que el texto no ha pasado por un proceso de corrección adecuado. Entre errores gramaticales, algunos fragmentos inconexos que, a pesar de lo escrito arriba, sobraban, y errores molestos con las comillas de dialogo, la lectura se puede hacer torpe por momentos. Es algo a tener en cuenta para corregir en futuras ediciones.

Poniendo aparte estos problemas, Una ciudad para perderse ha sido una grata sorpresa, pues, por más que represente una corriente con ya bastante (y, según algunos, inmerecida) fuerza en nuestra escena, es uno de los pocos ejemplos que tenemos de una novela de este tipo que realmente destaca a nivel literario y que es, además, un admirable debut y la promesa de una carrera interesante por venir.

Gino Canales
Estudiante de Humanidades con mención en Estudios teóricos y críticos por la PUCP. Fue miembro del colectivo Extramuros.
21 Comments

Deja tu comentario

Loading Facebook Comments ...

21 Comments

  1. Like

    Diciembre 13, 2018 at 1:24 pm

    Like!! I blog quite often and I genuinely thank you for your information. The article has truly peaked my interest.

  2. curry 4 shoes

    Enero 2, 2019 at 6:20 pm

    I enjoy you because of all of your hard work on this website. Betty take interest in getting into investigation and it’s easy to see why. A number of us know all about the compelling mode you deliver important information via this blog and improve participation from some others on this area then my simple princess is undoubtedly being taught a lot. Enjoy the remaining portion of the year. You are always carrying out a remarkable job.

  3. nike air max 270

    Enero 4, 2019 at 5:51 am

    Thanks a lot for providing individuals with such a memorable chance to read in detail from this website. It can be very pleasing and also jam-packed with fun for me and my office fellow workers to visit your blog particularly 3 times in one week to learn the newest tips you will have. And definitely, I’m always fascinated for the fabulous tips and hints served by you. Selected 3 facts in this post are unquestionably the most suitable we have all had.

  4. nike flyknit racer

    Enero 4, 2019 at 11:46 pm

    I wish to express thanks to the writer for bailing me out of this type of condition. Right after scouting through the internet and getting views which are not pleasant, I was thinking my entire life was well over. Being alive devoid of the approaches to the issues you’ve resolved by way of your entire article is a crucial case, and the ones which may have adversely affected my career if I had not discovered your site. Your primary skills and kindness in touching all areas was priceless. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come across such a point like this. It’s possible to at this time look ahead to my future. Thanks a lot so much for your professional and result oriented help. I will not be reluctant to refer the sites to any individual who ought to have direction about this topic.

  5. adidas ultra boost

    Enero 4, 2019 at 11:57 pm

    I simply had to thank you so much once again. I am not sure the things I might have sorted out in the absence of the points shown by you directly on that question. It had been a distressing condition for me, nevertheless seeing the specialised avenue you resolved that forced me to jump over delight. I will be thankful for this support and even pray you know what an amazing job that you are getting into educating many others with the aid of your webblog. I am sure you haven’t come across any of us.

  6. jordan 12

    Enero 5, 2019 at 8:35 pm

    I must express my affection for your generosity in support of those people that absolutely need help on the content. Your special dedication to getting the message along appears to be exceedingly significant and have in every case helped individuals much like me to achieve their dreams. The warm and helpful help denotes much a person like me and much more to my office colleagues. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.

  7. yeezy boost

    Enero 7, 2019 at 3:52 pm

    Thank you so much for providing individuals with a very spectacular opportunity to read articles and blog posts from this blog. It can be very awesome and also jam-packed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office peers to visit your web site at the very least 3 times per week to learn the new tips you have got. Of course, I’m just certainly astounded with the splendid concepts served by you. Selected 4 facts in this article are ultimately the most efficient I’ve ever had.

  8. vans outlet

    Enero 10, 2019 at 2:38 am

    I and my buddies ended up reading the good thoughts from the website and so suddenly I had a horrible feeling I never thanked the blog owner for those tips. All the young boys appeared to be absolutely excited to read all of them and have in effect actually been making the most of these things. I appreciate you for truly being very helpful and then for deciding on these kinds of magnificent information most people are really desperate to understand about. Our sincere regret for not saying thanks to you sooner.

  9. yeezy boost 350 v2

    Enero 11, 2019 at 12:00 am

    I am also commenting to let you be aware of what a helpful encounter our daughter encountered viewing your web site. She discovered lots of things, with the inclusion of how it is like to have an amazing coaching character to get a number of people with no trouble completely grasp specific complex subject matter. You really exceeded my expected results. I appreciate you for offering the powerful, healthy, revealing not to mention cool tips about this topic to Mary.

  10. off white

    Enero 11, 2019 at 5:05 pm

    I intended to create you one little bit of word to help give thanks as before considering the lovely concepts you’ve discussed on this website. This is certainly unbelievably generous with people like you to deliver publicly all many people would have made available as an e book to earn some bucks on their own, particularly considering that you might well have tried it in case you wanted. These basics as well worked to become a good way to fully grasp many people have a similar dreams just as mine to see more with respect to this issue. I’m sure there are several more fun sessions ahead for those who start reading your website.

  11. yeezy boost

    Enero 14, 2019 at 3:29 am

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extraordinarily superb opportunity to read from this site. It is often so great and as well , packed with a lot of fun for me personally and my office friends to search your web site at a minimum 3 times in 7 days to read the new items you have got. And lastly, I’m just actually happy with your brilliant inspiring ideas you serve. Some two facts in this posting are in fact the simplest we’ve had.

  12. yeezy boost

    Enero 15, 2019 at 4:20 am

    Thank you for all your valuable efforts on this website. Kate really likes setting aside time for investigation and it is easy to understand why. Almost all learn all about the compelling tactic you provide efficient items via your web blog and welcome participation from visitors on the concern while my girl is truly learning a lot. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You’re the one conducting a first class job.

  13. reebok outlet

    Enero 15, 2019 at 4:05 pm

    I just wanted to construct a brief message in order to say thanks to you for those amazing concepts you are posting here. My time-consuming internet look up has at the end of the day been compensated with useful details to exchange with my two friends. I ‘d admit that many of us readers are very much lucky to dwell in a great community with many perfect people with very helpful tricks. I feel extremely blessed to have come across your entire weblog and look forward to some more exciting minutes reading here. Thanks once again for everything.

  14. yeezy boost 350 v2

    Enero 16, 2019 at 10:47 am

    My spouse and i were absolutely comfortable that Albert could complete his researching through the ideas he grabbed when using the site. It’s not at all simplistic to just happen to be handing out tips and tricks people have been making money from. Therefore we already know we now have the blog owner to be grateful to because of that. All of the illustrations you have made, the simple web site navigation, the friendships you help to foster – it’s many astounding, and it’s really assisting our son in addition to the family reason why that theme is brilliant, which is very important. Many thanks for the whole thing!

  15. yeezy boost 350

    Enero 17, 2019 at 11:38 pm

    I and also my buddies have already been checking out the nice techniques found on the blog then at once got a horrible suspicion I never expressed respect to you for those strategies. These men were definitely as a result happy to read them and have certainly been having fun with those things. Appreciate your getting considerably kind and also for utilizing some tremendous information millions of individuals are really desperate to learn about. My very own sincere apologies for not saying thanks to sooner.

  16. yeezys

    Enero 18, 2019 at 2:07 pm

    I’m also commenting to make you understand of the helpful encounter my cousin’s girl obtained checking your webblog. She noticed lots of issues, which include what it is like to have a wonderful teaching character to get other folks effortlessly learn about specified tricky subject areas. You actually did more than people’s desires. I appreciate you for coming up with such beneficial, dependable, explanatory as well as fun tips on this topic to Gloria.

  17. kyrie 4

    Enero 19, 2019 at 5:26 am

    I together with my friends appeared to be reading through the excellent guidelines from the blog and so the sudden got a terrible feeling I had not thanked the website owner for them. These guys ended up for that reason joyful to read through them and have in effect definitely been using these things. I appreciate you for simply being considerably thoughtful as well as for obtaining this sort of fabulous issues most people are really needing to be aware of. Our own honest regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  18. adidas ultra boost

    Enero 20, 2019 at 3:41 pm

    I simply desired to thank you very much yet again. I’m not certain the things I would have accomplished in the absence of those ways provided by you directly on such a subject matter. It seemed to be a real alarming problem in my position, however , considering a expert mode you solved that took me to weep with fulfillment. Now i am grateful for this advice and as well , sincerely hope you realize what an amazing job that you are getting into teaching the mediocre ones thru your websites. I am sure you’ve never come across all of us.

  19. yeezy boost 350 v2

    Enero 20, 2019 at 7:16 pm

    Needed to send you that little bit of note to be able to say thanks a lot the moment again considering the wonderful techniques you have contributed here. It is really seriously open-handed with you in giving easily exactly what a lot of folks could have supplied for an e-book to generate some money for their own end, precisely since you might have tried it in case you wanted. These advice also served like a great way to comprehend other people online have a similar passion like my own to see somewhat more related to this issue. I think there are thousands of more pleasurable instances up front for folks who read carefully your blog.

  20. michael kors

    Enero 20, 2019 at 10:19 pm

    I am glad for writing to let you know of the impressive discovery our princess gained studying your blog. She even learned numerous pieces, most notably what it’s like to have an incredible teaching style to get men and women without hassle fully understand specific multifaceted subject matter. You undoubtedly did more than visitors’ desires. Thanks for supplying those necessary, trusted, educational and also unique tips about your topic to Tanya.

  21. nike air max 2017

    Enero 21, 2019 at 4:14 pm

    I would like to point out my passion for your generosity giving support to all those that require assistance with this particular idea. Your real dedication to getting the solution all through became particularly advantageous and has without exception empowered ladies just like me to achieve their goals. Your personal helpful advice entails a whole lot to me and further more to my office workers. Thanks a ton; from each one of us.

Leave a Reply

Su dirección de correo no se hará público. Los campos requeridos están marcados *

To Top