CULTURA

Reseña: “Todo no es suficiente” de Alberto Fuguet

Alicia Lara Domínguez

Alfaguara, 2016.179 pp. S/.59

Poco se puede añadir a estas alturas a la hora de juzgar el impacto que tuvo la célebre recopilación McOndo comandada por los chilenos Sergio Gómez y Alberto Fuguet (Santiago de Chile, 1964). Al margen de consideraciones personales, de filias, fobias y debates estériles, no se puede negar que muchos de los autores y autoras incluidos han seguido estando en la primera línea editorial. Otros en cambio han tenido menor repercusión o han optado por otros caminos profesionales, como fue el caso del uruguayo Gustavo Escanlar (Montevideo. 1962-2010). Justamente sobre su vida trata Todo no es suficiente publicado por Alfaguara y escrito por Alberto Fuguet.

Todo no es suficiente es una recopilación de cuatro textos. La génesis del libro está muy clara. En el año 2009, la conocida periodista argentina Leila Guerriero recibió un encargo de la Universidad Diego Portales (UDP) para hacer un libro sobre escritores malditos. Entre los elegidos para hacer un perfil estaba Fuguet y le asignaron a Escanlar, puesto que lo había incluido en McOndo más de una década atrás. Fuguet acogió el encargo con cautela puesto que literalmente solo había visto al uruguayo en dos ocasiones. El chileno investigó y viajo a Chile, el resultado fue un texto titulado «Todo no es suficiente», un texto que tras ser editado sería publicado en el libro de la UDP. Hasta aquí todo muy sencillo, al menos en apariencia. Sin embargo, la investigación y el viaje fueron un desastre y lo que redactó Fuguet fue un personalísimo acercamiento a una figura imposible de descifrar. Escanlar había dejado, aparentemente, la escritura para acabar convertido en una suerte de periodista politoxicómano devenido en estrella de los medios de comunicación. En constante exposición, haciendo de su vida un espectáculo y drogándose a un ritmo vertiginoso, el tipo había acabado siendo un personaje querido por unos pocos y odiado por una mayoría. No voy a entrar a juzgar su comportamiento o actuaciones porque lo realmente interesante fue que Fuguet se encontró este panorama sin tener la menor idea.  Tenía sospechas pero realmente no sabía donde se metía.

Alberto Fuguet se acercó a una figura muy polémica de la que nadie quería hablar pero del que todos tenían algo que decir. Ese espíritu esquivo fue relevante en el texto y lo contagió todo. El lector se encuentra con una crónica dubitativa, llena de pasos en falsos, de puertas que se cierran y donde no siempre se saca algo en claro. Esos momentos de duda y los claroscuros del personaje son esenciales para comprender el trabajo del chileno. El ritmo de la narración, que alterna momentos de pausa, para asimilar toda la información, con el estilo vertiginoso y directo de Fuguet hace que sea una lectura amena. El desasosiego tiñe cada tentativa del narrador por conocer la realidad sobre Escanlar, un personaje excesivo, morboso y complejo. El volumen viene acompañado de tres textos más. El primero de ellos es uno de la propia Leila Guerriero que explica todo el proceso de edición del texto desde su encargo hasta la definitiva publicación. A continuación, uno de Gabriel Peveroni donde habla de Escanlar y del trabajo de Fuguet y por último, un texto del propio autor donde cuenta su experiencia de escritura. Cierra el volumen la crónica que da nombre al libro y del que he hablado durante toda la reseña. Los textos precedentes están por debajo del último, que además es el de mayor extensión. Sirven de complemento y sitúan al lector dentro del contexto, ayudando a la compresión de algunos puntos de la crónica aunque no es que ninguno sea imprescindible.

Todo no es suficiente me generaba algunas dudas antes de leerlo, ya que me parecía que podía ser un pastiche editorial para aprovechar el tirón de un escritor. Sin embargo, tras su lectura tengo claro, que sin ser el mejor libro del autor, tiene calidad e interés gracias al talento de Alberto Fuguet para mostrarse sincero sin resultar impostado.

Enrique León Domínguez
Nacido en Sevilla y licenciado en Historia por la Universidad de Sevilla. En esa misma institución cursé el Máster de Enseñanza Secundaria y el Máster de Estudios Americanos. Actualmente soy Doctorando en Literatura hispanoamericana con una tesis sobre literatura centroamericana. Lector desde siempre, en los últimos tiempos también hago críticas literarias de narrativa hispanoamericana contemporánea. Soy el responsable del blog Fondo de Lectura (fondodelectura.wordpress.com) y colaboro en la Revista Vísperas.
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