CULTURA

Opinión: La falsa bruja de Lima

Fernando Ampuero goza de una bien merecida reputación intelectual. En su arsenal bibliográfico, entre libros de poesías, relatos cortos, novelas, textos de índole objetiva, periodística, brillan, sin duda, verdaderas perlas literarias, como aquel cuento titulado Malos modales, del cual Julio Ramón Ribeyro opinó que le parecía “un cuento realmente maestro, un cuento de antología”.

La bruja de Lima, no obstante, que pretende ser un rapsódico libro de memorias, recae en el vasto espacio de la insustancialidad. El título, llamativo, no es la gran metáfora que el lector aguarda, sino la mujer que, valiéndose de ciertos heterodoxos procedimientos curativos (como el frote de huevos) y de aptitudes sobrenaturales, restablece la salud de quienes están desahuciados de la ciencia, entre otros servicios mágicos.

Pues bien, el cáncer que padecía quien escribe su autobiografía, o intenta hacerlo, de algún modo se evaporó de su arraigo anatómico. La perplejidad suya y de los suyos, la familia y amigos, no carece de protagonismo. La dimensión psicológica constituye una de las aristas del relato. Relato no logrado, soso, ausente incluso de verosimilitud, cimentado con una forma inadecuada para el fondo, cuyo eje central no es otra cosa que lo inexplicable, la fe pagana (no digo “fe pagana” de modo desdeñoso, sino meramente descriptivo) y la desesperanza que moviliza y agota todas las alternativas de este mundo.

Quizá la tara del libro gire en torno a su inmanente falacia. No asevero que lo contado sea falso, pero sí que parece serlo. El texto delata un exceso de artificios, artificios inapropiados para los fines perseguidos por cualquier obra de memorias. Aun en los desvíos que habitualmente Fernando Ampuero suele dominar, como las transiciones del pensar terrible hacia el humor y viceversa, pierden eficacia, debilitan todavía más el discurrir de las anécdotas. Y es que la sensación de verosimilitud es esencial incluso en la literatura fantástica. Aquel universo creado con palabras existe independientemente de la vida real, y esa autonomía lo dota de fuerza y vitalidad, elementos imprescindibles en toda creación artística. Una obra sin autonomía, o con escasa autonomía, es equivalente a un espíritu mustio, desequilibrado, que procura afinar lo externo antes que lo interno.

Además, el libro no estaría mal reseñado de la siguiente manera: Fernando Ampuero, periodista y escritor, sufre de cáncer. La medicina no le brinda soluciones, de modo que acude a métodos alternativos de sanación. Surge la mujer que le confiere el nombre al libro, porque le insufla esperanza y vigor. Es una bruja, enigmática y vetusta como todas ellas, y carismática como pocas de ellas. El cuerpo de Ampuero, inesperadamente, se desprende de los tejidos mortales. Nunca más supo nada de la bruja. Todo esto, desde luego, condimentado con otros matices y personajes.

Sigo pensando que Fernando Ampuero es un óptimo narrador y destacado poeta. Creo que simplemente le salió mal un experimento. Cosas de la vida

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