CULINARIUM

Nutrición: Mitos de la Lactancia Materna

La primera semana de agosto fue la semana de la Lactancia Materna. Tema donde existen un montón de mitos que a veces pueden dificultar la lactancia. Por ello, líneas abajo desmentiré mitos frecuentes.

 

  1. No tengo suficiente cantidad de leche.MITO

El pecho produce la cantidad de leche según las demandas del bebé.

 

  1. La lactancia deforma el pecho. MITO

El principal cambio del pecho se produce durante el embarazo, independientemente de que la madre dé el pecho o no. Todas las mujeres presentan cambios en el pecho según la edad, la grasa corporal y factores genéticos, aunque no den de lactar.

 

  1. Lo normal es que dar el pecho duela.MITO

El dolor en la lactancia indicar que algo no va bien. Puede ser señal de mal agarre, infección u otro problema.

 

  1. Si tomo alimentos que producen gases como brócoli, coliflor, etc., le pasaré los gases a mi bebé. MITO

Los alimentos que consume la madre no producen ni gases ni cólicos en el bebé.

 

  1. Hay que organizar un horario para dar el pecho. Si no, le estoy malcriando.MITO

La alimentación debe ser a demanda sin un horario fijo. El bebé decide cuándo quiere comer. 

 

  1. Se debe dar siempre de los 2 pechos en cada toma.MITO

El primer pecho se debe vaciar bien antes de ofrecer el otro, para que el bebé obtenga la leche más rica en grasas, que sale al final. Sin embargo, algunos bebés solo toman un pecho en cada toma. 

 

  1. 6. Si mi niño no aumenta bien de peso, es posible que mi leche madre sea de baja calidad. MITO

Todas las leches son de buena calidad. El bajo peso se relaciona con poca frecuencia de lactancia o con una mala técnica de acople del niño al pecho.

7.  Mi madre no me pudo dar el pecho, así que yo tampoco podré. MITO

Lo que determina la cantidad de leche que se produce, a no ser que exista un problema médico, es la succión del bebé. No existe un factor hereditario.

 

  1. 9.  Si tengo una mastitis (inflamación de la glándula mamaria) debo suspender la lactancia.MITO

La leche del pecho afectado no tiene ningún efecto perjudicial en el niño. La infección no se transmite al bebé. Al seguir con la lactancia materna se mejora la evolución de la mastitis.

 

  1. Amamantar a gemelos o mellizos con lactancia materna exclusiva no es posible. MITO

Es posible dar el pecho a gemelos pero se necesita más ayuda. Si la lactancia está bien establecida se puede dar a los dos bebés simultáneamente. Las demandas de cada bebé pueden ser distintas. 

 

  1. Si me quedo embarazada de nuevo, debo suspender la lactancia. MITO

Es posible llevar a cabo la lactancia materna durante todo el embarazo y después amamantar a los dos lactantes, lo que se conoce como lactancia en tándem.

 

 

Alexandra Marquez Hinojosa
Licenciada en Nutrición y Dietética de la UPC. Se dedica a la consultoría nutricional desde hace 5 años. Ama prevenir enfermedades crónicas a través de la nutrición. Tiene gran interés por la sostenibilidad lo que la llevo a tener la especialidad en Responsabilidad Social y Sostenibilidad (ESAN). Miembro de Save Food, iniciativa mundial en contra del desperdicio de alimentos.
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