COYUNTURA

Opinión: Avances y desafíos del mercado del reciclaje del Perú

La gestión adecuada del reciclaje tiene efectos positivos en el medio ambiente. También, genera impactos en la economía de un país, si se decide invertir y abrir un mercado destinados a esta actividad. En los últimos años, se ha establecido un marco legal que ha impulsado a los gobiernos regionales y locales a trabajar acciones y programas concretos para concientizar a la ciudadanía sobre la importancia del reciclaje. A su vez, esto ha llevado a crear un mercado de dicha actividad.

Diferencia entre reciclar y reciclaje

Para entender cómo funciona el mercado, es indispensable conocer el significado de ciertos términos: reciclar y reciclaje. Reciclar es la acción de segregar en fuente, es decir, desde el lugar donde se produce la basura (casa, oficina, escuela, universidad, etc.). Después, se sub divide entre aquellos que son posibles de rescatar y que, en el futuro, pueden ser materia prima de otros elementos como las botellas PET, las latas, cajas de cartón, etc.

De acuerdo a la Ley Nº 29419, Ley que regula la actividad de los recicladores, el termino reciclaje, es el “Proceso mediante el cual se incorporan residuos, insumos o productos finales a procesos de transformación y producción diseñados especialmente para eliminar o minimizar sus efectos contaminantes y generar beneficios económicos”.

En palabras sencillas, reciclar es una segregar y reciclaje es un proceso.

¿Cómo se viene desarrollando el mercado del reciclaje en el Perú?

En el 2016, se aprobó el Decreto Legislativo N° 1278, que aprueba la Ley de Gestión Integral de Residuos Sólidos. Aquí, se estableció, como uno de sus ejes más relevantes, la creación de un mercado o industria del reciclaje en el Perú. El fin es obtener mayores ingresos, inversión, generar empleos y altos estándares de manejo ambiental. En este sentido, recae sobre las municipalidades la responsabilidad de valorizar los residuos reciclables.

En el Perú, hay dos tipos de mercados del reciclaje: el formal y el informal. El mercado formal solo recupera el 3% de los residuos sólidos que se desechan en el país, es decir, 44 mil toneladas al año. En el año 2017, 21 grandes empresas transformadoras compraron residuos sólidos por S/606 millones, de los cuales S/432 millones fueron metal (chatarra), y los restantes S/174 millones lo hicieron el plástico, papel y vidrio.

¿Cuáles son los retos en el mercado del reciclaje?

Más allá de reducir el mercado informal, el cual se centra en fortalecer e incluir a los recicladores asociados y formalizados a los Programas de Segregación en la Fuente y Recolección Selectiva de todos los distritos del país, es necesario generar estrategias para que aquellos establezcan convenios con las empresas. Así, ellas los ayudarían a implementar sus centros de acopio, donando maquinaria para su trabajo y capacitándolos, como parte de un tema de responsabilidad social y beneficio económico porque el material se (re)incorporaría a sus cadenas de producción.

Para que todo esto se dé, el sector estatal y privado debe trabajar invertir en educación ambiental.

 

Julissa Caceres
Comunicadora para el Desarrollo y correctora de estilo. Fundadadora de ‘Tilde Correcciones’, organización dedicada a la elaboración de textos. Le apasionan los temas ambientales.
33 Comments

Deja tu comentario

Loading Facebook Comments ...

33 Comments

  1. Dale

    Abril 18, 2019 at 8:17 am

    Now it’s time to choose your particular
    investments.

  2. me suba

    Abril 22, 2019 at 4:13 am

    VsU1X8 Please let me know if you are looking for a author for your site. You have some really good posts and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I ad absolutely

  3. Vallie

    Abril 29, 2019 at 10:41 pm

    Hi terrific blog! Does running a blog similar to this require a lot of work?
    I have virtually no knowledge of computer programming
    however I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyways,
    if you have any suggestions or techniques for new
    blog owners please share. I know this is off subject however I simply wanted to ask.

    Appreciate it!

  4. Kléber Leite

    Abril 30, 2019 at 5:46 am

    Hey there, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your blog site in Chrome, it looks fine
    but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.

    I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that,
    awesome blog!

  5. http://tinyurl.com

    Abril 30, 2019 at 6:31 am

    hello!,I really like your writing very so much! proportion we keep in touch more
    approximately your post on AOL? I need an expert on this
    space to solve my problem. Maybe that is you! Looking ahead to see you.

  6. Johnathan

    Mayo 1, 2019 at 2:34 am

    Hi! I understand this is somewhat off-topic but I
    had to ask. Does building a well-established website such as yours require
    a large amount of work? I’m brand new to writing a blog however I do write in my diary everyday.
    I’d like to start a blog so I can share my experience
    and views online. Please let me know if you have any kind of suggestions or tips for new
    aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

  7. http://tinyurl.com/

    Mayo 1, 2019 at 8:55 am

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this article
    and the rest of the website is really good.

  8. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 1, 2019 at 3:19 pm

    Howdy! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be ok.
    I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.

  9. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 1, 2019 at 4:44 pm

    I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everybody
    else experiencing issues with your website. It appears like some of the text on your content are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and
    let me know if this is happening to them too?

    This may be a issue with my web browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Thanks

  10. Elsie

    Mayo 7, 2019 at 2:08 pm

    Hi to all, it’s actually a pleasant for me to go to see this site, it contains valuable Information.

  11. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 7, 2019 at 5:35 pm

    I am not sure where you’re getting your info, but good topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.
    Thanks for fantastic info I was looking for this information for my mission.

  12. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 7, 2019 at 7:47 pm

    I’ve read a few just right stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting.
    I wonder how a lot attempt you put to make such a magnificent informative site.

  13. Ila

    Mayo 8, 2019 at 12:18 am

    Fabulous, what a web site it is! This webpage provides helpful information to us, keep it up.

  14. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 8, 2019 at 1:02 am

    Thanks for another fantastic post. Where else may anybody get that type of
    info in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a presentation subsequent week, and I am at the search for such info.

  15. Irvin

    Mayo 8, 2019 at 5:42 am

    Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that
    I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed
    and I hope you write again very soon!

  16. Deana

    Mayo 8, 2019 at 5:44 pm

    Thanks very nice blog!

  17. Chi

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 1:36 am

    Now it is time to pick your particular investments.

  18. http://tinyurl.com/y6qjt8wp

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 3:43 pm

    Howdy! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and
    I’m having problems finding one? Thanks a lot!

  19. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 14, 2019 at 4:31 pm

    I am genuinely glad to read this blog posts which contains plenty of valuable data,
    thanks for providing such data.

  20. tinyurl.com

    Mayo 15, 2019 at 10:23 pm

    I love what you guys are up too. This kind of clever work and reporting!
    Keep up the wonderful works guys I’ve added you guys to my personal blogroll.

  21. http://tinyurl.com

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 5:47 am

    Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I definitely enjoyed reading
    it, you will be a great author. I will always bookmark your blog and will eventually come back from now on. I want to encourage that you continue your great writing, have a nice
    day!

  22. https://tinyurl.com/yydmq2ds

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 6:55 am

    You can certainly see your enthusiasm within the work you write.
    The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid
    to say how they believe. All the time go after your heart.

  23. Chau

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 8:29 am

    A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment.

    There’s no doubt that that you ought to publish more on this topic, it might not be a
    taboo matter but typically people don’t speak about such topics.

    To the next! Many thanks!!

  24. https://tinyurl.com/y4fb8jhv

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 10:27 am

    Superb site you have here but I was curious if you knew of any community forums that cover the same topics talked about here?
    I’d really love to be a part of community
    where I can get suggestions from other experienced people
    that share the same interest. If you have any suggestions, please let me
    know. Appreciate it!

  25. Monica

    Mayo 16, 2019 at 4:08 pm

    And that is an funding threat value taking.

  26. bit.ly

    Mayo 17, 2019 at 8:53 pm

    Thanks for the good writeup. It in truth used to be a leisure account it.
    Glance advanced to more introduced agreeable from you! However, how can we keep in touch?

  27. http://tinyurl.com

    Mayo 18, 2019 at 12:13 pm

    Hello, just wanted to mention, I loved this article.
    It was funny. Keep on posting!

  28. Giselle

    Mayo 19, 2019 at 4:50 am

    Hurrah! At last I got a web site from where
    I can in fact get valuable information regarding my study and knowledge.

  29. Mário Pagnozzi Júnior

    Mayo 20, 2019 at 1:03 am

    It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it
    is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and
    if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions.
    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.

    I want to read more things about it!

  30. Senaida

    Mayo 20, 2019 at 11:56 am

    Schwab Clever Portfolios invests in Schwab ETFs.

  31. Samara

    Mayo 21, 2019 at 1:20 am

    A monetary advisor is your planning accomplice.

  32. remzionuni.net

    Mayo 22, 2019 at 12:05 am

    Now it is time to decide your particular investments.

  33. Esmeralda

    Mayo 23, 2019 at 1:28 am

    I do believe all the ideas you’ve presented for your post.

    They are really convincing and will definitely work.
    Still, the posts are very short for beginners. May just you
    please prolong them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

Leave a Reply

Su dirección de correo no se hará público. Los campos requeridos están marcados *

To Top